This Warrant Agreement involves
Title: COMMON STOCK PURCHASE WARRANT A
Governing Law: New York Date: 10/31/2006
Industry: Auto and Truck Parts Sector: Consumer Cyclical
THIS WARRANT AND THE SECURITIES REPRESENTED HEREBY HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933, AS AMENDED, AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED, SOLD, ASSIGNED OR TRANSFERRED, IN THE ABSENCE OF AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER SAID ACT OR AN OPINION OF THE COMPANY'S COUNSEL THAT REGISTRATION UNDER SAID ACT IS NOT REQUIRED.
COMMON STOCK PURCHASE WARRANT A
To Purchase Up To 704,268 Shares of the Common Stock of
Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc.
THIS IS TO CERTIFY THAT Iroquois Master Fund Ltd, or registered assigns (the "Holder"), is entitled, during the Exercise Period (as hereinafter defined), to purchase from Quantum Fuel Systems Technologies Worldwide, Inc, a Delaware corporation (the "Company"), the Warrant Stock (as hereinafter defined), in whole or in part, at a purchase price of $2.36 per share, all on and subject to the terms and conditions hereinafter set forth.
1. Definitions . As used in this Warrant, the following terms have the respective meanings set forth below:
" Affiliate " means any person or entity that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, controls or is controlled by or is under common control with a person or entity, as such terms are used in and construed under Rule 144 under the Securities Act. With respect to a Holder of Warrants, any investment fund or managed account that is managed on a discretionary basis by the same investment manager as such Holder will be deemed to be an Affiliate of such Holder.
" Appraised Value " means, in respect of any share of Common Stock on any date herein specified, the fair saleable value of such share of Common Stock (determined with giving effect to the discount for (i) a minority interest or (ii) any lack of liquidity of the Common Stock or to the fact that the Company may have no class of equity registered under the Exchange Act) as of the last day of the most recent fiscal month ending prior to such date specified, based on the value of the Company on a fully-diluted basis, as determined by a nationally recognized investment banking firm selected by the Company's Board of Directors and having no prior relationship with the Company.
" Business Day " means any day except Saturday, Sunday and any day which shall be a legal holiday or a day on which banking institutions in the State of Michigan generally are authorized or required by law or other government actions to close.
" Change of Control " means the occurrence of any of the following in one or a series of related transactions: (i) an acquisition after the date hereof by an individual or legal entity or "group" (as described in Rule 13d-5(b)(1) under the Exchange Act) of more than one half of the voting rights or equity interests in the Company; (ii) a replacement of more than one half of the members of the Company's board of directors that is not approved by those individuals who are members of the board of directors on the date hereof (or other directors previously approved by such individuals); (iii) a merger or consolidation of the Company into a non-Public company, or a sale of more than one half of the assets of the Company in one or a series of related transactions, unless following such transaction or series of transactions, the holders of the Company's securities prior to the first such transaction continue to hold at least 50 % of the voting rights and equity interests in the surviving entity or acquirer of such assets; (iv) a recapitalization, reorganization or other transaction involving the Company or any Subsidiary that constitutes or results in a transfer of more than one half of the voting rights or equity interests in the Company; (v) consummation of a "Rule 13e-3 transaction" as defined in Rule 13e-3 under the Exchange Act with respect to the Company.
" Closing Date " means October 27, 2006.
" Commencement Date " means April 27, 2007.
" Commission " means the Securities and Exchange Commission or any other federal agency then administering the Securities Act and other federal securities laws.
" Common Stock " means (except where the context otherwise indicates) the Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share, of the Company as constituted on the Closing Date, and any capital stock into which such Common Stock may thereafter be changed or converted, and shall also include (i) capital stock of the Company of any other class (regardless of how denominated) issued to the holders of shares of Common Stock upon any reclassification thereof which is also not preferred as to dividends or assets on liquidation over any other class of stock of the Company and which is not subject to redemption and (ii) shares of common stock of any successor or acquiring corporation received by or distributed to the holders of Common Stock of the Company in the circumstances contemplated by Section 4.
" Current Market Price " means, in respect of any share of Common Stock on any date herein specified,
(1) if there shall not then be a public market for the Common Stock, the higher of
(a) the book value per share of Common Stock at such date, and
(b) the Appraised Value per share of Common Stock at such date,
(2) if there shall then be a public market for the Common Stock, the average of the daily market prices for the five (5) consecutive trading days immediately before such date. The daily market price for each such trading day shall be (i) the closing bid price on such day on the OTC Bulletin Board or principal stock exchange (including Nasdaq) on which such Common Stock is then listed or admitted to trading, or quoted, as applicable, (ii) if no sale takes place on such day on the OTC Bulletin Board or any such exchange, the last reported closing bid price on such day as officially quoted on the OTC Bulletin Board or any such exchange (including Nasdaq), (iii) if the Common Stock is not then listed or admitted to trading on the OTC Bulletin Board or any stock exchange, the last reported closing bid price on such day in the over-the-counter market, as furnished by the National Association of Securities Dealers Automatic Quotation System or the National Quotation Bureau, Inc., (iv) if neither such corporation at the time is engaged in the business of reporting such prices, as furnished by any similar firm then engaged in such business, or (v) if there is no such firm, as furnished by any member of the NASD selected mutually by the holder of this Warrant and the Company or, if they cannot agree upon such selection, as selected by two such members of the NASD, one of which shall be selected by holder of this Warrant and one of which shall be selected by the Company.
" Current Warrant Price " means, in respect of a share of Common Stock at any date herein specified, the price at which a share of Common Stock may be purchased pursuant to this Warrant on such date. Unless and until the Current Warrant Price is adjusted pursuant to the terms herein, the initial Current Warrant Price shall be $2.36 per share of Common Stock.
" Exchange Act " means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or any similar federal statute, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder, all as the same shall be in effect from time to time.
" Exercise Period " means the period during which this Warrant is exercisable pursuant to Section 2.1.
" Expiration Date " means April 27, 2014, subject to modification as provided herein.
" NASD " means the National Association of Securities Dealers, Inc., or any successor corporation thereto.
" Other Property " has the meaning set forth in Section 4.
" Person " means any individual, sole proprietorship, partnership, joint venture, trust, incorporated organization, association, corporation, limited liability company, institution, public benefit corporation, entity or government (whether federal, state, county, city, municipal or otherwise, including, without limitation, any instrumentality, division, agency, body or department thereof).
" Purchase Agreement " means that certain Securities Purchase Agreement and Registration Rights Agreement dated as of the Closing Date among the Company and the other parties named therein, pursuant to which this Warrant was originally issued.
" Restricted Common Stock " means shares of Common Stock which are, or which upon their issuance upon the exercise of any Warrant would be required to be, evidenced by a certificate bearing the restrictive legend set forth in Section 3.2.
" Securities Act " means the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or any similar federal statute, and the rules and regulations of the Commission thereunder, all as the same shall be in effect at the time.
" Trading Day " means any day on which the primary market on which shares of Common Stock are listed is open for trading.
" Transfer " means any disposition of any Warrant or Warrant Stock or of any interest in either thereof, which would constitute a sale thereof within the meaning of the Securities Act.
" Warrants " means this Warrant and all warrants issued upon transfer, division or combination of, or in substitution for, any thereof. All Warrants shall at all times be identical as to terms and conditions and date, except as to the number of shares of Common Stock for which they may be exercised.
" Warrant Price " means an amount equal to (i) the number of shares of Common Stock being purchased upon exercise of this Warrant pursuant to Section 2.1, multiplied by (ii) the Current Warrant Price.
" Warrant Stock " means up to 704,268 shares of Common Stock to be purchased upon the exercise hereof, subject to adjustment as provided herein.
2.1 Manner of Exercise . From and after the Commencement Date, and until 5:00 P.M., New York time, on the Expiration Date (the "Exercise Period"), the Holder may exercise this Warrant, on any Business Day, for all or any part of the number of shares of Warrant Stock purchasable hereunder, subject to the terms and conditions of this Warrant.
In order to exercise this Warrant, in whole or in part, the Holder shall deliver to the Company at its principal office or at the office or agency designated by the Company as provided herein, (i) a written notice of Holder's election to exercise this Warrant, which notice shall specify the number of shares of Warrant Stock to be purchased, and (ii) payment of the Warrant Price as provided herein. Such notice shall be irrevocable and substantially in the form of the subscription form appearing at the end of this Warrant as Exhibit A, duly executed by the Holder or its agent or attorney. Upon receipt thereof, the Company shall, as promptly as reasonably practicable, execute or cause to be executed and deliver or cause to be delivered to the Holder a certificate or certificates representing the aggregate number of full shares of Warrant Stock issuable upon such exercise, together with cash in lieu of any fraction of a share, as hereinafter provided. The stock certificate or certificates so delivered shall be, to the extent possible, in such denomination or denominations as the Holder shall reasonably request in the notice and shall be registered in the name of the Holder or if permitted pursuant to the terms of this Warrant such other name as shall be designated in the notice. This Warrant shall be deemed to have been exercised and such certificate or certificates shall be deemed to have been issued, and the Holder or any other Person so designated to be named therein shall be deemed to have become a Holder of record of such shares for all purposes, as of the date when the notice, together with the payment of the Warrant Price and this Warrant, is received by the Company as described above. If this Warrant shall have been exercised in part, the Company shall, at the time of delivery of the certificate or certificates representing Warrant Stock, deliver to the Holder a new Warrant evidencing the rights of the Holder to purchase the unpurchased shares of Common Stock called for by this Warrant, which new Warrant shall in all other respects be identical with this Warrant, or at the request of the Holder, appropriate notation may be made on this Warrant and the same returned to the Holder.
Payment of the Warrant Price may be made at the option of the Holder by: (i) certified or official bank check payable to the order of the Company, (ii) wire transfer of immediately available funds to the account of the Company or (iii) a cashless exercise, if eligible under Section 5 below. All shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of this Warrant pursuant to the terms hereof shall be validly issued and, upon payment of the Warrant Price, shall be fully paid and nonassessable and not subject to any preemptive rights.
2.2 Fractional Shares . The Company shall not be required to issue a fractional share of Common Stock upon exercise of any Warrant. As to any fraction of a share which the Holder of one or more Warrants, the rights under which are exercised in the same transaction, would otherwise be entitled to purchase upon such exercise, the Company shall pay an amount in cash equal to the Current Market Price per share of Common Stock on the date of exercise multiplied by such fraction.
2.3 Restrictions on Exercise Amount . Notwithstanding anything herein to the contrary, in no event shall the Holder be entitled to exercise any portion of this Warrant in excess of that portion of this Warrant upon exercise of which the sum of (1) the number of shares of Common Stock beneficially owned by the Holder and its Affiliates (other than shares of Common Stock which may be deemed beneficially owned through the ownership of the unexercised portion of the Warrant or the unexercised or unconverted portion of any other security of the Holder subject to a limitation on conversion analogous to the limitations contained herein) and (2) the number of shares of Common Stock issuable upon the exercise of the portion of this Warrant with respect to which the determination of this proviso is being made, would result in beneficial ownership by the Holder and its Affiliates of more than 4.99% of the then outstanding shares of Common Stock. For purposes of the proviso to the immediately preceding sentence, beneficial ownership shall be determined in accordance with Section 13(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, and Regulations 13D-G thereunder, except as otherwise provided in clause (1) of such proviso. The Holder may waive the limitations set forth herein by sixty-one (61) days written notice to the Corporation.
3.1 Transfer . The Warrants and the Warrant Stock shall be freely transferable, subject to compliance with this Section 3.1 and all applicable laws, including, but not limited to the Securities Act. If, at the time of the surrender of this Warrant in connection with any transfer of this Warrant or the resale of the Warrant Stock, this Warrant or the Warrant Stock, as applicable, shall not be registered for resale under the Securities Act, the Company may require, as a condition of allowing such transfer (i) that the Holder or transferee of this Warrant or the Warrant Stock as the case may be, at the cost of Holder or transferee, furnish to the Company a written opinion of counsel that is reasonably acceptable to the Company to the effect that such transfer may be made without registration under the Securities Act and any applicable state law, except if such transfer is to an Affiliate of such Holder; (ii) that the Holder or transferee execute and deliver to the Company an investment representation letter in form and substance acceptable to the Company and substantially in the form attached as Exhibit C hereto; and (iii) that the transferee be an "accredited investor" as defined in Rule 501 (a) promulgated under the Securities Act. Transfer of this Warrant and all rights hereunder, in whole or in part, in accordance with the foregoing provisions, shall be registered on the books of the Company to be maintained for such purpose, upon surrender of this Warrant at the principal office of the Company referred to in Section 2.1 or the office or agency designated by the Company as provided herein, together with a written assignment of this Warrant substantially in the form of Exhibit B hereto duly executed by the Holder or its agent or attorney and funds sufficient to pay any transfer taxes payable upon the making of such transfer. Upon such surrender and, if required, such payment, the Company shall execute and deliver a new Warrant or Warrants in the name of the assignee or assignees and in the denomination specified in such instrument of assignment, and shall issue to the assignor a new Warrant evidencing the portion of this Warrant not so assigned, and this Warrant shall promptly be cancelled. Following a transfer that complies with the requirements of this Section 3.1, the Warrant may be exercised by a new Holder for the purchase of shares of Common Stock regardless of whether the Company issued or registered a new Warrant on the books of the Company. In connection with any transfer of this Warrant or the resale of the Warrant Stock pursuant to Rule 144 or other than pursuant to an effective registration statement, the Holder or transferee shall compensate the Company for its reasonable expenses incurred in connection with effectuating such transfer or resale.
3.2 Restrictive Legends . Each certificate for Warrant Stock initially issued upon the exercise of this Warrant, and each certificate for Warrant Stock issued to any subsequent transferee of any such certificate, unless, in each case, such Warrant Stock is eligible for resale without registration pursuant to Rule 144(k) or an effective registration statement under the Securities Act, shall bear the following legend:
"THE SHARES REPRESENTED BY THIS CERTIFICATE HAVE NOT BEEN REGISTERED UNDER THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933 AS AMENDED, AND MAY NOT BE OFFERED OR SOLD IN THE ABSENCE OF AN EFFECTIVE REGISTRATION STATEMENT UNDER SAID ACT OR AN OPINION OF THE COMPANY'S COUNSEL THAT SUCH REGISTRATION IS NOT REQUIRED. NOTWITHSTANDING THE FOREGOING, THESE SECURITIES AND THE SECURITIES ISSUABLE UPON EXERCISE OF THESE SECURITIES MAY BE PLEDGED IN CONNECTION WITH A BONA FIDE MARGIN ACCOUNT OR OTHER LOAN OR FINANCING ARRANGEMENT SECURED BY SUCH SECURITIES."
The legend set forth above shall be removed and the Company shall issue a certificate without such legend to the holder of the Shares upon which it is stamped or issue to such holder by electronic delivery at the applicable balance account at DTC, if (i) such Shares are registered for resale under the Securities Act, (ii) such Shares are sold or transferred pursuant to Rule 144 (assuming the transferor is not an Affiliate of the Company), (iii) such Shares are eligible for sale under Rule 144(k), or (iv) if such legend is not required under applicable requirements of the Securities Act (including controlling judicial interpretations and pronouncements issued by the Commission). Following the Effective Date or at such earlier time as a legend is no longer required for certain Shares, the Company will no later than three (3) Business Days following the delivery by an Investor to the Company or the Transfer Agent (with notice to the Company) of a legended certificate representing such Shares (endorsed or with stock powers attached, signatures guaranteed, and otherwise in form necessary to effect the reissuance and/or transfer and an opinion of Investor's counsel reasonably acceptable to the Company), issue irrevocable transfer agent instructions and cause to be delivered to such Investor a certificate representing such Shares that is free from all restrictive and other legends. The Company may not make any notation on its records or give instructions to the Transfer Agent that enlarge the restrictions on transfer set forth in this Section
The Company shall facilitate the timely preparation and delivery of certificates representing the Warrant Stock to be sold pursuant to an effective Registration Statement, which certificates shall be free, to the extent permitted by applicable law and this Warrant, of all restrictive legends, and to enable such Warrant Stock to be in such denominations and registered in such names as the Holder may request at least five (5) business days prior to any sale of the Warrant Stock.
3.3 Division and Combination; Expenses; Books . This Warrant may be divided or combined with other Warrants upon presentation hereof at the aforesaid office or agency of the Company, together with a written notice specifying the names and denominations in which new Warrants are to be issued, signed by the Holder or its agent or attorney. Subject to compliance with Section 3.1 as to any transfer which may be involved in such division or combination, the Company shall execute and deliver a new Warrant or Warrants in exchange for the Warrant or Warrants to be divided or combined in accordance with such notice. The Company shall prepare, issue and deliver at Holder's expense the new Warrant or Warrants under this Section 3. The Company agrees to maintain, at its aforesaid office or agency, books for the registration and the registration of transfer of the Warrants.
3.4 In addition to any other rights available to a Holder, if the Company fails to deliver to the Holder a certificate representing Warrant Shares by the third Trading Day after exercise of this Warrant in full compliance with Section 2.1, and if after such third Trading Day the Holder purchases (in an open market transaction or otherwise) shares of Common Stock to deliver in satisfaction of a sale by the Holder of the Warrant Shares that the Holder anticipated receiving from the Company (a "Buy-In" ), then the Company shall, within three Trading Days after the Holder's request and in the Holder's discretion, either (i) pay cash to the Holder in an amount equal to the Holder's total purchase price (including brokerage commissions, if any) for the shares of Common Stock so purchased (the "Buy-In Price" ), at which point the Company's obligation to deliver such certificate (and to issue such Common Stock) shall terminate, or (ii) promptly honor its obligation to deliver to the Holder a certificate or certificates representing such Common Stock and pay cash to the Holder in an amount equal to the excess (if any) of the Buy-In Price over the product of (A) such number of shares of Common Stock, times (B) the Closing Price on the date of the event giving rise to the Company's obligation to deliver such certificate.
3.5 The Company's obligations to issue and deliver Warrant Shares in accordance with the terms hereof are absolute and unconditional, irrespective of any action or inaction by the Holder to enforce the same, any waiver or consent with respect to any provision hereof, the recovery of any judgment against any Person or any action to enforce the same, or any setoff, counterclaim, recoupment, limitation or termination, or any breach or alleged breach by the Holder or any other Person of any obligation to the Company or any violation or alleged violation of law by the Holder or any other Person, and irrespective of any other circumstance which might otherwise limit such obligation of the Company to the Holder in connection with the issuance of Warrant Shares. Nothing herein shall limit a Holder's right to pursue any other remedies available to it hereunder, at law or in equity including, without limitation, a decree of specific performance and/or injunctive relief with respect to the Company's failure to timely deliver certificates representing shares of Common Stock upon exercise of the Warrant as required pursuant to the terms hereof.
3.6 Charges, Taxes and Expenses . Issuance and delivery of certificates for shares of Common Stock upon exercise of this Warrant shall be made without charge to the Holder for any issue or transfer tax, withholding tax, transfer agent fee or other incidental tax or expense in respect of the issuance of such certificates, all of which taxes and expenses shall be paid by the Company; provided, however, that the Company shall not be required to pay any tax which may be payable in respect of any transfer involved in the registration of any certificates for Warrant Shares or Warrants in a name other than that of the Holder or an Affiliate thereof. The Holder shall be responsible for all other tax liability that may arise as a result of holding or transferring this Warrant or receiving Warrant Shares upon exercise hereof.
4. Adjustments . The number of shares of Common Stock for which this Warrant is exercisable, and the price at which such shares may be purchased upon exercise of this Warrant, shall be subject to adjustment from time to time as set forth in this Section 4.
4.1 Stock Dividends, Subdivisions and C