This Stock Purchase Agreement involves
Title: SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT
Governing Law: New York Date: 12/16/2005
Industry: Semiconductors Law Firm: Wilson Sonsini Goodrich Rosati Sector: Technology
SECURITIES PURCHASE AGREEMENT
This Securities Purchase Agreement (this “ Agreement ” ) is dated as of December 13, 2005, by and among NeoMagic Corporation, a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ” ), and the purchasers identified on the signature pages hereto (each, a “ Purchaser ” and collectively, the “ Purchasers ” ).
A. The Company and each Purchaser are executing and delivering this agreement in reliance upon the exemption from securities registration afforded by Section 4(2) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act ”), and Rule 506 of Regulation D (“ Regulation D ”) as promulgated by the United States Securities and Exchange Commission under the Securities Act.
B. Each Purchaser, severally and not jointly, wishes to purchase, and the Company wishes to sell, upon the terms and conditions stated in this Agreement, (i) that aggregate number of shares of the Common Stock, par value $0.001 per share, of the Company (the “ Common Stock ”), equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (1) such Purchaser’s Subscription Amount by (2) $6.00 (the “ Per Share Purchase Price ”) (which aggregate amount for all Purchasers together shall be 1,500,000 shares of Common Stock and shall be collectively referred to herein as the “ Shares ”) and (ii) warrants, in substantially the form attached hereto as Exhibit A (the “ Warrants ”) to acquire up to that number of additional shares of Common Stock equal to 50% of the number of Shares purchased by such Purchaser (as exercised, collectively, the “ Warrant Shares ”)
C. The Shares, the Warrants and the Warrant Shares issued pursuant to this Agreement are collectively referred to herein as the “ Securities ”.
D. The Company has engaged A.G. Edwards & Sons, Inc. as its placement agent (the “ Placement Agent ”) for the offering of the Securities on a “best efforts” basis.
E. Contemporaneous with the sale of the Shares and the Warrants, the parties hereto will enter into a Registration Rights Agreement, in the form attached hereto as Exhibit B (the “ Registration Rights Agreement ”), pursuant to which, among other things, the Company will agree to provide certain registration rights under the Securities Act and applicable state securities laws.
NOW, THEREFORE, IN CONSIDERATION of the mutual covenants contained in this Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration the receipt and adequacy of which are hereby acknowledged, the Company and the Purchasers agree as follows:
1.1 Definitions . In addition to the terms defined elsewhere in this Agreement, for all purposes of this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings indicated in this Section 1.1:
“ Action ” means any action, suit, inquiry, notice of violation, proceeding (including any partial proceeding such as a deposition) or investigation pending or threatened in writing against or affecting the Company, any Subsidiary or any of their respective properties before or by any court, arbitrator, governmental or administrative agency, regulatory authority (federal, state, county, local or foreign), stock market, stock exchange or trading facility.
“ Affiliate ” means, with respect to any Person, any other Person that, directly or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, Controls, is controlled by or is under common control with such Person. With respect to a Purchaser, any investment fund or managed account that is managed on a discretionary basis by the same investment manager as such Purchaser will be deemed to be an Affiliate of such Purchaser.
“ Business Day ” means a day, other than a Saturday or Sunday, on which banks in New York City are open for the general transaction of business.
“ Buy-In ” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.1(c).
“ Buy-In Price ” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.1(c).
“ Cash Placement Agent Fees ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(w).
“ Closing ” means the closing of the purchase and sale of the Shares and the Warrants pursuant to this Agreement.
“ Closing Date ” means the Business Day on which all of the conditions set forth in Sections 2.1 and 2.2 hereof are satisfied, or such other date as the parties may agree.
“ Commission ” means the United States Securities and Exchange Commission.
“ Common Stock ” has the meaning set forth in the Recitals, and also includes any securities into which the Common Stock may hereafter be reclassified.
“ Common Stock Equivalents ” means any securities of the Company or any Subsidiary which would entitle the holder thereof to acquire at any time Common Stock, including without limitation, any debt, preferred stock, rights, options, warrants or other instrument that is at any time convertible into or exchangeable for, or otherwise entitles the holder thereof to receive, Common Stock or other securities that entitle the holder to receive, directly or indirectly, Common Stock.
“ Company Counsel ” means Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation
“ Company Deliverables ” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a).
“ Company’s Knowledge ” means with respect to any statement made to the knowledge of a party, that the statement is based upon the actual knowledge of the officers of such party having responsibility for the matter or matters that are the subject of the statement, after due inquiry and investigation.
“ Control ” (including the terms “controlling”, “controlled by” or “under common control with”) means the possession, direct or indirect, of the power to direct or cause the direction of the management and policies of a Person, whether through the ownership of voting securities, by contract or otherwise.
“ Disclosure Materials ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(h).
“ Effective Date ” means the date on which the initial Registration Statement required by Section 2(a) of the Registration Rights Agreement is first declared effective by the Commission.
“ Effectiveness Deadline ” means the date on which the initial Registration Statement is required to be declared effective by the Commission under the terms of the Registration Rights Agreement.
“ Environmental Laws ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(l).
“ Evaluation Date ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(v).
“ Exchange Act ” means the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or any successor statute, and the rules and regulations promulgated thereunder.
“ GAAP ” means U.S. generally accepted accounting principles, as applied by the Company.
“ Indemnified Person ” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.7(b).
“ Intellectual Property Rights ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(r).
“ Lien ” means any lien, charge, encumbrance, security interest, right of first refusal, preemptive right or other restrictions of any kind.
“ Losses ” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.7(a).
“ Material Adverse Effect ” means any of (i) a material and adverse effect on the legality, validity or enforceability of any Transaction Document, (ii) a material and adverse effect on the results of operations, assets, prospects, business or condition (financial or
otherwise) of the Company and the Subsidiaries, taken as a whole, or (iii) an adverse impairment to the Company’s ability to perform on a timely basis its obligations under any Transaction Document.
“ Material Contract ” means any contract of the Company that was filed as an exhibit to the SEC Filings pursuant to Item 601(b)(4) or Item 601(b)(10) of Regulation S-K.
“ Net Escrow Amount ” means the Escrow Amount (as defined in Section 2.3) less the Cash Placement Agent Fee (as defined in Section 3.1(u).
“ New York Courts ” means the state and federal courts sitting in the City of New York, Borough of Manhattan.
“ Outside Date ” means January 14, 2006
“ Person ” means an individual, corporation, partnership, limited liability company, trust, business trust, association, joint stock company, joint venture, sole proprietorship, unincorporated organization, governmental authority or any other form of entity not specifically listed herein.
“ Proceeding ” means an action, claim, suit, investigation or proceeding (including, without limitation, an investigation or partial proceeding, such as a deposition), whether commenced or threatened in writing.
“ Purchaser Deliverables ” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(b).
“ Purchaser Party ” has the meaning set forth in Section 4.7.
“ Registration Statement ” means a registration statement meeting the requirements set forth in the Registration Rights Agreement and covering the resale by the Purchasers of the Registrable Securities (as defined in the Registration Rights Agreement).
“ Rule 144 ” means Rule 144 promulgated by the Commission pursuant to the Securities Act, as such Rule may be amended from time to time, or any similar rule or regulation hereafter adopted by the Commission having substantially the same effect as such Rule.
“ SEC Reports ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.1(h).
“ Secretary’s Certificate ” has the meaning set forth in Section 2.2(a)(vi).
“ Short Sales ” include, without limitation, all “short sales” as defined in Rule 200 promulgated under Regulation SHO under the Exchange Act.
“ Subscription Amount ” means with respect to each Purchaser, the Subscription Amount indicated on such Purchaser’s signature page to this Agreement.
“ Subsidiary ” means any “significant subsidiary” as defined in Rule 1-02(w) of the Regulation S-X promulgated by the Commission under the Exchange Act.
“ Trading Affiliate ” has the meaning set forth in Section 3.2(g).
“ Trading Day ” means (i) a day on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted and traded on its primary Trading Market (other than the OTC Bulletin Board), or (ii) if the Common Stock is not listed on a Trading Market (other than the OTC Bulletin Board), a day on which the Common Stock is traded in the over-the-counter market, as reported by the OTC Bulletin Board, or (iii) if the Common Stock is not quoted on any Trading Market, a day on which the Common Stock is quoted in the over-the-counter market as reported by the National Quotation Bureau Incorporated (or any similar organization or agency succeeding to its functions of reporting prices); provided , that in the event that the Common Stock is not listed or quoted as set forth in (i), (ii) and (iii) hereof, then Trading Day shall mean a Business Day.
“ Trading Market ” means whichever of the New York Stock Exchange, the American Stock Exchange, the NASDAQ National Market, the NASDAQ Capital Market or OTC Bulletin Board on which the Common Stock is listed or quoted for trading on the date in question.
“ Transaction Documents ” means this Agreement, the schedules and exhibits attached hereto, the Warrants, the Registration Rights Agreement, and any other documents or agreements executed in connection with the transactions contemplated hereunder.
“ Transfer Agent ” means Computershare Investor Services or any successor transfer agent for the Company.
PURCHASE AND SALE
2.1 Closing . Subject to the terms and conditions set forth in this Agreement, at the Closing, the Company shall issue and sell to each Purchaser, and each Purchaser shall, severally and not jointly, purchase from the Company, the Shares and Warrants representing such Purchaser’s Subscription Amount. The Closing shall take place at the offices of Wilson Sonsini Goodrich & Rosati, Professional Corporation, 650 Page Mill Road, Palo Alto, California 94304-1050 on the Closing Date or at such other location or time as the parties may agree.
2.2 Closing Deliveries . (a) At the Closing, the Company shall issue, deliver or cause to be delivered to each Purchaser the following (the “ Company Deliverables ”):
(i) This Agreement, duly executed by the Company;
(ii) One or more stock certificates, free and clear of all restrictive and other legends (except as expressly provided in Section 4.1(b) hereof), evidencing a number of Shares equal to the quotient obtained by dividing (a) such Purchaser’s Subscription Amount by (b) the Per Share Purchase Price;
(iii) a Warrant, executed by the Company and registered in the name of such Purchaser, pursuant to which such Purchaser shall have the right to acquire such number of Warrant Shares equal to 50% of the number of Shares issuable to such Purchaser pursuant to Section 2.2(a)(i);
(iv) a legal opinion of Company Counsel, in the form set forth in Exhibit C hereto, executed by such counsel and addressed to the Purchasers and the Placement Agent;
(v) the Registration Rights Agreement, duly executed by the Company;
(vi) a certificate of the Secretary of the Company (the “ Secretary’s Certificate ”), dated as of the Closing Date, certifying the resolutions adopted by the Board of Directors of the Company approving the transactions contemplated by this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents and the issuance of the Securities, certifying the current versions of the Restated Articles of Incorporation and by-laws of the Company and certifying as to the signatures and authority of persons signing the Transaction Documents and related documents on behalf of the Company; and
(b) At the Closing, each Purchaser shall deliver or cause to be delivered to the Company the following (the “ Purchaser Deliverables ”):
(i) This Agreement, duly executed by such Purchaser;
(ii) It’s Subscription Amount, in United States dollars and in immediately available funds, pursuant to the escrow arrangements set forth in Section 2.3 below;
(iii) the Registration Rights Agreement, duly executed by such Purchaser;
(iv) a fully completed and duly executed Selling Stockholder Questionnaire in the form attached as Annex B to the Registration Rights Agreement; and
(v) a fully completed and duly executed Accredited Investor Questionnaire and Stock Certificate Questionnaire in the forms attached hereto as Exhibits D-1 and D-2, respectively.
2.3 Escrow of Purchase Price .
(a) Simultaneously with the execution and delivery of a counterpart to this Agreement by a Purchaser, such Purchaser shall promptly cause a wire transfer of immediately available funds (U.S. dollars) in an amount representing such Purchaser’s Subscription Amount, as set forth on such Purchaser’s signature page, to be paid to the non-interest bearing escrow account of Lowenstein Sandler PC, the Placement Agent’s counsel (“ Placement Agent Counsel ”), set forth on Schedule I affixed hereto (the aggregate amounts being held in escrow are referred to herein as the “ Escrow Amount ”). Placement Agent Counsel shall hold the
Escrow Amount in escrow until (i) Placement Agent Counsel receives written instructions from the Company and the Placement Agent authorizing the release of the Escrow Amount in accordance with Section 2.2 , or (ii) Placement Agent Counsel’s receipt of written instructions from the Company and/or the Placement Agent that the Agreement has been terminated in accordance with Section 6.18 (in which case Placement Agent Counsel shall return to each terminating Purchaser the portion of the Escrow Amount each such terminating Purchaser delivered to the Placement Agent Counsel. The Company hereby authorizes the Placement Agent Counsel to release from the Escrow Amount, at the Closing, without further action or deed (other than receipt of the written instructions from the Company and the Placement Agent authorizing the release of the Escrow Amount), the (i) Cash Placement Agent Fee (as defined in Section 3.1(u) ) to the Placement Agent, and (ii) the Net Escrow Amount to the Company.
(b) The Company and the Purchasers acknowledge and agree for the benefit of Placement Agent Counsel (which shall be deemed to be a third party beneficiary of this Section 2.3 ) as follows:
(i) Placement Agent Counsel (i) is not responsible for the performance by the Company or the Purchasers of this Agreement or any of the Transaction Documents or for determining or compelling compliance therewith, (ii) is only responsible for (A) holding the Escrow Amount in escrow pending receipt of written instructions from the holders of a majority of the Shares and/or the Company directing the release of the Escrow Amount in accordance with Section 2.3 and (B) disbursing the Escrow Amount in accordance with the written instructions from the Company and/or the holders of a majority of the Shares in accordance with Section 2.3 , each of the responsibilities of Placement Agent Counsel in clause (A) and (B) is ministerial in nature, and no implied duties or obligations of any kind shall be read into this Agreement against or on the part of Placement Agent Counsel (collectively, the “ Placement Agent Counsel Duties ”), (iii) shall not be obligated to take any legal or other action hereunder which might in its judgment involve or cause it to incur any expense or liability unless it shall have been furnished with indemnification acceptable to it, in its sole discretion, (iv) may rely on and shall be protected in acting or refraining from acting upon any written notice, instruction (including, without limitation, wire transfer instructions, whether incorporated herein or provided in a separate written instruction), instrument, statement, certificate, request or other document furnished to it hereunder and believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper Person, and shall have no responsibility for making inquiry as to, or for determining, the genuineness, accuracy or validity thereof, or of the authority of the Person signing or presenting the same and (v) may consult counsel satisfactory to it, and the written opinion or advice of such counsel in any instance shall be full and complete authorization and protection in respect of any action taken, suffered or omitted by it hereunder in good faith and in accordance with the opinion or advice of such counsel. Documents and written materials referred to in this Section 2.3(b) include, without limitation, e-mail and other electronic transmissions capable of being printed, whether or not they are in fact printed; and any such e-mail or other electronic transmission may be deemed and treated by Placement Agent Counsel as having been signed or presented by a Person if it bears, as sender, the Person’s e-mail address.
(ii) Placement Agent Counsel shall not be liable to anyone for any action taken or omitted to be taken by it hereunder, except in the case of Placement Agent
Counsel’s gross negligence, bad faith or willful misconduct in breach of the Placement Agent Counsel Duties. IN NO EVENT SHALL PLACEMENT AGENT COUNSEL BE LIABLE FOR INDIRECT, PUNITIVE, SPECIAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGE OR LOSS (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO LOST PROFITS) WHATSOEVER, EVEN IF PLACEMENT AGENT COUNSEL HAS BEEN INFORMED OF THE LIKELIHOOD OF SUCH LOSS OR DAMAGE AND REGARDLESS OF THE FORM OF ACTION.
(iii) The Company and the Purchasers hereby indemnify and hold harmless Placement Agent Counsel from and against, any and all loss, liability, cost, damage and expense, including, without limitation, reasonable counsel fees and expenses, which Placement Agent Counsel may suffer or incur by reason of any action, claim or proceeding brought against Placement Agent Counsel arising out of or relating to the performance of the Placement Agent Counsel Duties, unless such action, claim or proceeding is the result of the willful misconduct, bad faith or gross negligence of Placement Agent Counsel.
(iv) Placement Agent Counsel has acted as legal counsel to the Placement Agent in connection with this Agreement and the other Transaction Documents, is merely acting as a stakeholder under this Agreement and is, therefore, hereby authorized to continue acting as legal counsel to Placement Agent including, without limitation, with regard to any dispute arising out of this Agreement, the other Transaction Documents, the Escrow Amount or any other matter. Each of the Company and the Purchasers hereby expressly consents to permit Placement Agent Counsel to represent the Placement Agent in connection with all matters relating to this Agreement, including, without limitation, with regard to any dispute arising out of this Agreement, the other Transaction Documents, the Escrow Amount or any other matter, and hereby waives any conflict of interest or appearance of conflict or impropriety with respect to such representation. Each of the Company and the Purchasers has consulted with its own counsel specifically about this Section 2.3 to the extent they deemed necessary, and has entered into this Agreement after being satisfied with such advice.
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES
3.1 Representations and Warranties of the Company . The Company hereby represents and warrants to the Purchasers and to the Placement Agent that, except as set forth in the Schedules delivered herewith:
(a) Subsidiaries . The Company has no direct or indirect Subsidiaries other than those listed in the Company’s Form 10-K Report for the year ended January 31, 2005. Except as disclosed therein, the Company owns, directly or indirectly, all of the capital stock or comparable equity interests of each Subsidiary free and clear of any and all Liens and all the issued and outstanding shares of capital stock or comparable equity interest of each Subsidiary are validly issued and are fully paid, non-assessable and free of preemptive and similar rights.
(b) Organization and Qualification . The Company and each Subsidiary is an entity duly incorporated or otherwise organized, validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the jurisdiction of its incorporation or organization (as applicable), with the requisite
power and authority to own or lease and use its properties and assets and to carry on its business as currently conducted. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary is in violation of any of the provisions of its respective certificate or articles of incorporation, bylaws or other organizational or charter documents. Each of the Company and the Subsidiaries is duly qualified to conduct business and is in good standing as a foreign corporation or other entity in each jurisdiction in which the nature of the business conducted or property owned by it makes such qualification necessary or appropriate, except where the failure to be so qualified or in good standing, as the case may be, could not, individually or in the aggregate, have or reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(c) Authorization; Enforcement . The Company has the requisite corporate power and authority to enter into and to consummate the transactions contemplated by each of the Transaction Documents to which it is a party and otherwise to carry out its obligations hereunder and thereunder. The execution and delivery of each of the Transaction Documents to which it is a party by the Company and the consummation by it of the transactions contemplated hereby and thereby (including, but not limited to, the sale and delivery of the Shares and the Warrants and the subsequent issuance of the Warrant Shares upon exercise of the Warrants have been duly authorized by all necessary corporate action on the part of the Company and no further corporate action is required by the Company, its Board of Directors or its stockholders. Each Transaction Document to which it is a party has been (or upon delivery will have been) duly executed by the Company and, when delivered in accordance with the terms hereof, will constitute the valid and binding obligation of the Company enforceable against the Company in accordance with its terms, except as such enforceability may be limited by applicable bankruptcy, insolvency, reorganization, moratorium, liquidation or similar laws relating to, or affecting generally the enforcement of, creditors’ rights and remedies or by other equitable principles of general application. There are no stockholders agreements, voting agreements, or other similar arrangements with respect to the Company’s capital stock to which the Company is a party or, to the Company’s Knowledge, between or among any of the Company’s stockholders.
(d) No Conflicts . The execution, delivery and performance of the Transaction Documents to which it is a party by the Company and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated hereby or thereby do not and will not (i) conflict with or violate any provision of the Company’s or any Subsidiary’s certificate or articles of incorporation, bylaws or other organizational or charter documents, (ii) conflict with, or constitute a default (or an event that with notice or lapse of time or both would become a default) under, or give to others any rights of termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation (with or without notice, lapse of time or both) of, any agreement, credit facility, debt or other instrument (evidencing a Company or Subsidiary debt or otherwise) or other understanding to which the Company or any Subsidiary is a party or by which any property or asset of the Company or any Subsidiary is bound, or affected, except to the extent that such conflict, default, termination, amendment, acceleration or cancellation right could not reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, or (iii) result in a violation of any law, rule, regulation, order, judgment, injunction, decree or other restriction of any court or governmental authority to which the Company or a Subsidiary is subject (including federal and state securities laws and regulations and the rules and regulations, assuming the correctness of the representations and warranties made by the Purchasers herein, of any self-regulatory organization to which the Company or its securities are subject, including all
applicable Trading Markets), or by which any property or asset of the Company or a Subsidiary is bound or affected, except to the extent that such violation could not, individually or in the aggregate, have or reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect.
(e) Filings, Consents and Approvals . The Company is not required to obtain any consent, waiver, authorization or order of, give any notice to, or make any filing or registration with, any court or other federal, state, local or other governmental authority or other Person in connection with the execution, delivery and performance by the Company of the Transaction Documents, other than (i) the filing with the Commission of one or more Registration Statements in accordance with the requirements of the Registration Rights Agreement, (ii) filings required by applicable state securities laws, (iii) the filing of a Notice of Sale of Securities on Form D with the Commission under Regulation D of the Securities Act, (iv) the filing of any requisite notices and/or application(s) to each applicable Trading Market for the issuance and sale of the Common Stock and the Warrants and the listing of the Common Stock for trading or quotation, as the case may be, thereon in the time and manner required thereby, (v) the filings required in accordance with Section 4.5 and (vi) those that have been made or obtained prior to the date of this Agreement.
(f) Issuance of the Securities . The Shares and the Warrant Shares have been duly authorized and, when issued and paid for in accordance with the terms of the Transaction Documents, will be duly and validly issued, fully paid and nonassessable, free and clear of all Liens other than restrictions on transfer provided for in the Transaction Documents or imposed by applicable securities laws and shall not be subject to preemptive or similar rights of stockholders. Assuming the accuracy of the representations and warranties of the Purchasers, the Shares and the Warrant Shares will be issued in compliance with all applicable federal and state securities laws. The issue and sale of the Securities will not, immediately or with the passage of time, obligate the Company to issue shares of Common Stock or other securities to any Person (other than the Purchasers) and will not result in a right of any holder of Company securities to adjust the exercise, conversion, exchange or reset price under such securities.
(g) Capitalization . The number of shares and type of all authorized, issued and outstanding capital stock, options and other securities of the Company (whether or not presently convertible into or exercisable or exchangeable for shares of capital stock of the Company) is specified in the SEC Reports. Except as specified in the SEC Reports, no securities of the Company are entitled to preemptive or similar rights, and no Person has any right of first refusal, preemptive right, right of participation, or any similar right to participate in the transactions contemplated by the Transaction Documents. Except as specified in the SEC Reports, there are no outstanding options, warrants or scrip rights to subscribe to, calls or commitments of any character whatsoever relating to, or securities, rights or obligations convertible into or exchangeable for, or giving any Person any right to subscribe for or acquire, any shares of the Company’s capital stock, or contracts, commitments, understandings or arrangements by which the Company or any Subsidiary is or may become bound to issue additional shares of capital stock of the Company, or options, securities or rights convertible or exchangeable into shares of capital stock. Except for customary adjustments as a result of stock dividends, stock splits, combination of shares, reorganizations, recapitalizations, reclassifications or other similar events, there are no anti-dilution or price adjustment provisions contained in any
security issued by the Company (or in any agreement providing rights to security holders) and the issuance and sale of the Securities will not, immediately or with the passage of time, obligate the Company to issue shares of Common Stock or other securities to any Person (other than the Purchasers) and will not, result in a right of any holder of securities to adjust the exercise, conversion, exchange or reset price under such securities. All of the outstanding shares of capital stock of the Company are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, have been issued in compliance with all applicable federal and state securities laws, and none of such outstanding shares was issued in violation of any preemptive rights or similar rights to subscribe for or purchase any capital stock of the Company.
(h) SEC Reports . The Company has filed all reports required to be filed by it under the Exchange Act, including pursuant to Section 13(a) or 15(d) thereof, for the two years preceding the date hereof (or such shorter period as the Company was required by law to file such reports) (the foregoing materials being collectively referred to herein as the “ SEC Reports ” and together with this Agreement and the Schedules to this Agreement (if any), the “ Disclosure Materials ” ) on a timely basis or has received a valid extension of such time of filing and has filed any such SEC Reports prior to the expiration of any such extension. As of their respective dates, or to the extent corrected by a subsequent restatement, the SEC Reports complied in all material respects with the requirements of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations of the Commission promulgated thereunder, and none of the SEC Reports, when filed, contained any untrue statement of a material fact or omitted to state a material fact required to be stated therein or necessary in order to make the statements therein, in light of the circumstances under which they were made, not misleading.
(i) Financial Statements . The financial statements of the Company included in the SEC Reports comply in all material respects with applicable accounting requirements and the rules and regulations of the Commission with respect thereto as in effect at the time of filing (or to the extent corrected by a subsequent restatement). Such financial statements have been prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a consistent basis during the periods involved, except as may be otherwise specified in such financial statements or the notes thereto and except that unaudited financial statements may not contain all footnotes required by GAAP, and fairly present in all material respects the financial position of the Company and its consolidated subsidiaries as of and for the dates thereof and the results of operations and cash flows for the periods then ended, subject, in the case of unaudited statements, to normal, year-end audit adjustments.
(j) Tax Matters . Each of the Company and its Subsidiaries (i) has accurately and timely prepared and filed all foreign, federal and state income and all other tax returns, reports and declarations required by any jurisdiction to which it is subject, (ii) has paid all material taxes and other governmental assessments and charges that are material in amount, shown or determined to be due on such returns, reports and declarations, except those being contested in good faith, with respect to which adequate reserves have been set aside on the books of the Company and (iii) has set aside on its books provision reasonably adequate for the payment of all taxes for periods subsequent to the periods to which such returns, reports or declarations apply. There are no unpaid taxes in any material amount claimed to be due by the taxing authority of any jurisdiction.
(k) Material Changes . Since the date of the latest audited financial statements included within the SEC Reports, except as specifically disclosed in the SEC Reports, (i) there has been no event, occurrence or development that has had or that could reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (ii) the Company has not incurred any liabilities (contingent or otherwise) other than (A) trade payables, accrued expenses and other liabilities incurred in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice and (B) liabilities not required to be reflected in the Company’s financial statements pursuant to GAAP or required to be disclosed in filings made with the Commission, (iii) the Company has not altered its method of accounting or the manner in which it keeps its accounting books and records, (iv) the Company has not declared or made any dividend or distribution of cash or other property to its stockholders or purchased, redeemed or made any agreements to purchase or redeem any shares of its capital stock (other than in connection with repurchases of unvested stock issued to employees of the Company) and (v) the Company has not issued any equity securities to any officer, director or Affiliate, except Common Stock issued in the ordinary course as dividends on outstanding preferred stock and pursuant to existing Company stock option or stock purchase plans or executive and director corporate arrangements disclosed in the SEC Reports and (vi) there has not been any material change or amendment to, or any waiver of any material right under, any contract under which the Company, any subsidiary thereof, or any of their assets is bound or subject. The Company does not have pending before the Commission any request for confidential treatment of information.
(l) Environmental Matters . To the Company’s knowledge, neither the Company nor any Subsidiary (i) is in violation of any statute, rule, regulation, decision or order of any governmental agency or body or any court, domestic or foreign, relating to the use, disposal or release of hazardous or toxic substances or relating to the protection or restoration of the environment or human exposure to hazardous or toxic substances (collectively, “ Environmental Laws ”), (ii) owns or operates any real property contaminated with any substance that is in violation of any Environmental Laws, (iii) is liable for any off-site disposal or contamination pursuant to any Environmental Laws, and (iv) is subject to any claim relating to any Environmental Laws; which violation, contamination, liability or claim has had or could reasonably be expected to have a Material Adverse Effect, individually or in the aggregate; and there is no pending or, to the Company’s Knowledge, threatened investigation that might lead to such a claim.
(m) Litigation . There is no Action which (i) adversely affects or challenges the legality, validity or enforceability of any of the Transaction Documents or the Securities or (ii) except as specifically disclosed in the SEC Reports, could, if there were an unfavorable decision, individually or in the aggregate, have or reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary, nor any director or officer thereof (in his or her capacity thereof), is or has been during the ten-year period prior to the closing Date the subject of any Action involving a claim of violation of or liability under federal or state securities laws or a claim of breach of fiduciary duty. There has not been and to the Company’s Knowledge, there is not pending or contemplated, any investigation by the Commission involving the Company or any current or former director or officer of the Company (in his or her capacity as such). The Commission has not issued any stop order or other order suspending the effectiveness of any registration statement filed by the Company or any subsidiary under the Exchange Act or the Securities Act.
(n) Employment Matters . The Company and its Subsidiaries are in compliance with all federal, state, local and foreign laws and regulations respecting labor, employment and employment practices and benefits, terms and conditions of employment and wages and hours, except where the failure to be in compliance would not, either individually or in the aggregate, reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect. Neither the Company nor any of its Subsidiaries is a party to any collective bargaining agreement. The Company and its Subsidiaries believe that their relations with their employees are satisfactory. No executive officer of the Company or any of its Subsidiaries (as defined in Rule 501(f) of the Securities Act) has notified the Company or any such Subsidiary that such officer intends to leave the Company or any such Subsidiary or otherwise terminate such officer’s employment with the Company or any such Subsidiary.
(o) Compliance . Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary, except in each case as could not, individually or in the aggregate, have or reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect (i) is in default under or in violation of (and no event has occurred that has not been waived that, with notice or lapse of time or both, would result in a default by the Company or any Subsidiary under), nor has the Company or any Subsidiary received notice of a claim that it is in default under or that it is in violation of, any indenture, loan or credit agreement or any other agreement or instrument to which it is a party or by which it or any of its properties is bound (whether or not such default or violation has been waived), (ii) is in violation of any order of any court, arbitrator or governmental body having jurisdiction over the Company or its properties or assets, or (iii) is or has been in violation of, or in receipt of notice that it is in violation of, any statute, rule or regulation of any governmental authority applicable to the Company.
(p) Regulatory Permits . The Company and the Subsidiaries possess all certificates, authorizations and permits issued by the appropriate federal, state, local or foreign regulatory authorities necessary to conduct their respective businesses as described in the SEC Reports, except where the failure to possess such permits, individually or in the aggregate, has not and could not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, and neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has received any notice of proceedings relating to the revocation or modification of any such permits.
(q) Title to Assets . The Company and the Subsidiaries have good and marketable title in fee simple to all real property owned by them that is material to their respective businesses and good and marketable title in all personal property owned by them that is material to their respective businesses, in each case free and clear of all Liens, except for Liens that do not, individually or in the aggregate, have or result in a Material Adverse Effect. Any real property and facilities held under lease by the Company and the Subsidiaries are held by them under valid, subsisting and enforceable leases of which the Company and the Subsidiaries are in material compliance.
(r) Patents and Trademarks . The Company and its subsidiaries own, possess, license or have other rights to use all foreign and domestic patents, patent applications, trade and service marks, trade and service mark registrations, trade names, copyrights, licenses, inventions, trade secrets, technology, Internet domain names, know-how and other intellectual property (collectively, the “ Intellectual Property ”) necessary for the conduct of their respective businesses as now conducted or as proposed to be conducted. Except as set forth in the SEC Reports and except where such violations or infringements would not reasonably be expected to result in a Material Adverse Effect, (a) there are no rights of third parties to any such Intellectual Property; (b) to the Company’s knowledge, there is no infringement by third parties of any such Intellectual Property; (c) there is no pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others challenging the Company’s and its subsidiaries’ rights in or to any such Intellectual Property, and the Company is unaware of any facts which would form a reasonable basis for any such claim; (d) there is no pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others challenging the validity or scope of any such Intellectual Property; and (e) there is no pending or, to the Company’s knowledge, threatened action, suit, proceeding or claim by others that the Company and its subsidiaries infringe or otherwise violate any patent, trademark, copyright, trade secret or other proprietary rights of others, and the Company is unaware of any other fact which would form a reasonable basis for any such claim.
(s) Insurance . The Company and the Subsidiaries are insured by insurers of recognized financial responsibility against such losses and risks and in such amounts as are prudent and customary in the businesses and location in which the Company and the Subsidiaries are engaged. Neither the Company nor any Subsidiary has any knowledge that it will be unable to renew its existing insurance coverage for the Company and the Subsidiaries as and when such coverage expires or to obtain similar coverage from similar insurers as may be necessary to continue its business without a significant increase in cost.
(t) Transactions With Affiliates and Employees . Except as set forth in the SEC Reports made on or prior to the date hereof, none of the officers or directors of the Company and, to the Company’s Knowledge, none of the employees of the Company is presently a party to any transaction with the Company or any Subsidiary or to a presently contemplated transaction (other than for services as employees, officers and directors) that would be required to be disclosed pursuant to Item 404 of Regulation S-K promulgated under the Securities Act. Sarbanes Oxley Act. The Company is in compliance with applicable requirements of the Sarbanes Oxley Act of 2002 and applicable rules and regulations promulgated by the Commission thereunder, except where such noncompliance would not have, individually or in the aggregate, a Material Adverse Effect.
(u) Internal Accounting Controls . The Company and the Subsidiaries maintain a system of internal accounting controls sufficient to provide reasonable assurance that (i) transactions are executed in accordance with management’s general or specific authorizations, (ii) transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles and to maintain asset accountability, (iii) access to assets is permitted only in accordance with management’s general or specific authorization, and (iv) the recorded accountability for assets is compared with the existing assets at reasonable intervals and appropriate action is taken with respect to any differences.
(v) Internal Controls . The Company has established disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in 1934 Act Rules 13a-15 and 15d-15) for the Company and designed such disclosure controls and procedures to ensure that material information relating to the Company is made known to the certifying officers by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which the Company’s most recently filed period report under the 1934 Act, as the case may be, is being prepared. The Company’s certifying officers have evaluated the effectiveness of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the most recent periodic reporting period under the 1934 Act (such date, the “ Evaluation Date ”). The Company presented in its most recently filed periodic report under the 1934 Act the conclusions of the certifying officers about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures based on their evaluations as of the Evaluation Date. Since the Evaluation Date, except with respect to the remediation of the material weakness in internal control over financial reporting and the ineffectiveness of disclosure controls and procedures as described in the SEC Filings, there have been no significant changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting (as such term is defined in Item 308(c) of Regulation S-K) or, to the Company’s Knowledge, in other factors that could significantly affect the Company’s internal control over financial reporting. The Company maintains and will continue to maintain a standard system of accounting established and administered in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and the applicable requirements of the 1934 Act.
(w) Certain Fees . Except for the fees and commissions payable to the Placement Agent, no brokerage or finder’s fees or commissions are or will be payable by the company to any broker, financial advisor or consultant, finder, placement agent, investment banker, bank or other Person with respect to the transactions contemplated by this Agreement. The Purchasers shall have no obligation with respect to any fees or with respect to any claims (other than such fees or commissions owed by a Purchaser pursuant to written agreements executed by such Purchaser which fees or commissions shall be the sole responsibility of such Purchaser) made by or on behalf of other Persons for fees of a type contemplated in this Section that may be due in connection with the transactions contemplated by this Agreement.
(x) Private Placement . Assuming the accuracy of the Purchasers’ representations and warranties set forth in Section 3.2(b)-(e), no registration under the Securities Act is required for the offer and sale of the Shares and Warrant Shares by the Company to the Purchasers under the Transaction Documents. The Company is eligible to register the Shares and the Warrant Shares for resale by the Purchasers using Form S-3 promulgated under the Securities Act. Except as specified in Schedule 3.1(x) , the Company has not granted or agreed to grant to any Person any rights (including “piggy-back” registration rights) to have any securities of the Company registered with the Commission or any other governmental authority that have not been satisfied or waived.
(y) No Directed Selling Efforts or General Solicitation . Neither the Company, nor any of its Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf has conducted any “general solicitation” or “general advertising” (as those terms are used in Regulation D) in connection with the offer or sale of any of the Securities.
(z) No Integrated Offering . Neither the Company nor any of its Affiliates, nor any Person acting on its or their behalf has, directly or indirectly, at any time within the past six months made any offers or sales of any Company security or solicited any offers to buy any security, under circumstances that would (i) eliminate the availability of the exemption from registration under Regulation D under the Securities Act in connection with the offer and sale by the Company of the Securities as contemplated hereby or (ii) cause the offering of the Securities pursuant to the Transaction Documents to be integrated with prior offerings by the Company for purposes of any applicable law, regulation or stockholder approval provisions, including, without limitation, under the rules and regulations of any Trading Market.
(aa) Listing and Maintenance Requirements . The Company’s Common Stock is registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act, and the Company has taken no action designed to terminate the registration of the Common Stock under the Exchange Act nor has the Company received any notification that the Commission is contemplating terminating such registration. Except as specified in the SEC Reports, the Company has not, in the two years preceding the date hereof, received notice (written or oral) from any Trading Market to the effect that the Company is not in compliance with the listing or maintenance requirements thereof. The Company is in compliance in all material respects with the listing and maintenance requirements for continued listing of the Common Stock on the Trading Market on which the Common Stock is currently listed or quoted. The issuance and sale of the Securities under the Transaction Documents does not contravene the rules and regulations of the Trading Market on which the Commo