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Independent Contractor Agreement

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Governing Law: California     Date: 11/30/2005

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Exhibit 99.2


SumTotal Systems, Inc.



Contractor’s Name: Donald E. Fowler


Contractor’s Federal Tax ID Number:                         


Type of Business Entity:                         




This Independent Contractor Agreement (this “Agreement”) is made and entered into as of October 25, 2005 (the “Effective Date”) by the above-named Contractor with SUMTOTAL SYSTEMS, INC., a Delaware corporation, including its wholly-owned subsidiaries. In consideration of the covenants and conditions hereinafter set forth, SumTotal Systems and Contractor agree as follows:


1. Definitions.


For purposes of this Agreement, the following definitions shall apply:


(a) “SumTotal Systems” means SumTotal Systems, Inc., a Delaware corporation, of Mountain View, California, and its wholly-owned subsidiaries, successors and assigns.


(b) “Contractor” means the above-named contractor, its successors and assigns, and includes without limitation its officers, employees, directors, shareholders, agents and representatives.


(c) “Worker(s)” means the individual or individuals who, on behalf of Contractor, provide the actual services to SumTotal Systems under this Agreement. If Contractor is an unincorporated sole proprietor, then the term “Worker(s)” includes the individual who is the sole proprietor of Contractor. If Contractor is a legal entity, then the term “Worker(s)” means the employees or independent contractors of Contractor who provide the actual services to SumTotal Systems pursuant to this Agreement.


(d) “Confidential Information” means any type of information or material disclosed to or known by Contractor or any of the Worker(s) as a consequence of or through Contractor’s retention by SumTotal Systems (including information conceived, originated, discovered, or developed in whole or in part by Contractor or any of its Worker(s)), which is not generally known by non-SumTotal Systems personnel and including but not limited to information which relates to research, development, trade secrets, know how, inventions, technical data, software, manufacturing, purchasing, accounting, engineering, marketing, merchandising and selling, business plans or strategies, and information entrusted to SumTotal Systems or its principal officers or employees by third parties. Confidential Information also includes any data or business or financial books, records or other information of or pertaining to SumTotal Systems. INFORMATION GENERALLY KNOWN OR READILY ASCERTAINABLE BY PROPER MEANS AT OR AFTER THE TIME THAT CONTRACTOR OR THE WORKER(S) FIRST LEARN OF SUCH INFORMATION, OR GENERAL INFORMATION OR KNOWLEDGE WHICH CONTRACTOR OR THE WORKER(S) WOULD HAVE LEARNED IN THE COURSE OF SIMILAR RETENTION OR WORK ELSEWHERE IN THE TRADE, SHALL NOT BE DEEMED TO BE CONFIDENTIAL INFORMATION. In any dispute between SumTotal Systems and Contractor over whether information is Confidential Information or not, it shall be Contractor’s burden to show that such information is not Confidential Information.


(e) “Developments” means original works of authorship, discoveries, inventions, concepts, ideas, plans, proposals, improvements to existing technology and all other subject matter ordinarily comprehended by the term “development,” which, in whole or in part, Contractor or the Worker(s) make, conceive, develop, discover, reduce to practice or fix in a tangible medium of expression, alone or with others, if the Development results from any services that Contractor or the Worker(s) provide to SumTotal Systems or involves the use or assistance of SumTotal Systems’ facilities, materials, personnel or Confidential Information. “Developments” need not be patented, trademarked, or copyrighted, and includes but is not limited to computer programs, product documentation, processes, machines, products, compositions of matter, formulae, algorithms, techniques, advertising, promotional or public relations plans, strategies or campaigns and any written or tangible expression relating thereto. “Developments” also includes any original works of authorship, discoveries, inventions, concepts, ideas, plans, proposals and improvements to existing technology that Contractor or the Worker(s) bring to SumTotal Systems for use in the course of SumTotal Systems’ business or for incorporation into any Developments that belong to SumTotal Systems.


2. Results, Deliverables and Performance.


Contractor shall achieve the results and provide the deliverables and/or services set forth in each statement of work (each a “Statement of Work”) similar to that which is attached as Exhibit A in accordance with the terms and conditions of this Agreement, and on the price, delivery dates and specifications described in each Statement of Work. Both parties shall execute each Statement of Work and each is incorporated herein by this reference. The terms



of this Agreement will control over any conflicting terms in the Statements of Work. Contractor may delegate the performance of specific duties hereunder to the Worker(s) unless otherwise prohibited by this Agreement, but Contractor shall at all times remain solely responsible for fulfilling the duties and other obligations imposed on Contractor by this Agreement. Contractor and the Worker(s) shall not be subject to SumTotal Systems’ control or direction over the performance of services pursuant to this Agreement. SumTotal Systems shall be concerned only with the results accomplished and the deliverables provided, not with the details and methods of Contractor’s or the Worker(s)’ performance. All services to be performed by Contractor and Worker(s) are to be performed at SumTotal Systems’ or Contractor’s premises or at such other location as may be determined by SumTotal Systems. Contractor acknowledges that, unless otherwise agreed to in writing, SumTotal Systems will not provide facilities or premises for Contractor’s use.


3. Delivery and Payment Terms.


Time is of the essence in the performance of services hereunder. Contractor shall pay all expenses incident to providing services under this Agreement, and SumTotal Systems will not reimburse any of those expenses, except to the extent it may expressly agree otherwise in a Statement of Work. SumTotal Systems’ only payment obligation is to Contractor. SumTotal Systems has no obligation to make any payments of any kind to any of the individual Worker(s). SumTotal agrees to pay Contractor under the terms set forth in the applicable Statement of Work.


4. Obligations of Contractor Regarding Developments.


(a) Disclosure and Assignment . Contractor shall inform SumTotal Systems promptly and fully in writing of all Developments. Without additional or further consideration, Contractor shall (i) apply, at SumTotal Systems’ request and expense, for United States and foreign copyrights, patents, utility models and other legal protection of intellectual property either in Contractor’s name, the Worker(s)’ name(s) or otherwise as SumTotal Systems shall direct; (ii) assign and do hereby assign to SumTotal Systems all of Contractor’s rights to Developments, and to United States and foreign copyrights, patents, patent applications, utility models and other legal protection of intellectual property granted upon such Developments, and hereby agree that SumTotal Systems and/or its authorized agent shall have full control over all such legal protection of intellectual property, including without limitation the right to amend or abandon the same; (iii) sign and deliver promptly to SumTotal Systems such written instruments, testify in any legal proceedings, and do such other acts, as may be necessary or appropriate in the opinion of SumTotal Systems to secure and maintain for SumTotal Systems exclusive rights in United States and foreign copyrights, patents, patent applications, utility models and other legal protection of intellectual property for all Developments and (iv) waive and hereby do waive any moral rights Contractor has or may have in the Developments.


(b) Work Made for Hire . It is agreed that all work produced by Contractor and the Worker(s) pursuant to this Agreement shall be considered “work made for hire” as defined in 17 U.S.C. § 101. All copyrights in any copyrightable work that does not meet the requirements to be a work made for hire are hereby assigned by Contractor to SumTotal Systems effective immediately upon the work being fixed and the copyright coming into being.


(c) Statutory Notice . The parties acknowledge that Contractor shall be and act as an independent contractor in its performance under this Agreement, and that neither Contractor nor the Worker(s) are employees of SumTotal Systems. Contractor is hereby notified that, notwithstanding anything else that may be contained in this Agreement to the contrary, the assignment of inventions in this Agreement does not apply to inventions for which no equipment, supplies, facilities, or trade secret information of SumTotal Systems was used and which were developed entirely on Contractor’s or the Worker(s)’ own time, unless (a) the invention relates (i) directly to the business of SumTotal Systems, or (ii) to SumTotal Systems’ actual or demonstrably anticipated research or development, or (b) the invention results from any work performed by Contractor or the Worker(s) for the SumTotal Systems. Contractor acknowledges that all Developments will necessarily result from services performed by Contractor or the Worker(s) for SumTotal Systems, and that all Developments also will necessarily relate to SumTotal Systems’ business and/or its actual or anticipated research or development. Contractor therefore agrees that SumTotal Systems will own all rights in all Developments, regardless of how Contractor or the Worker(s) may be classified in the future by a court, administrative agency, settlement or otherwise.


5. Rights of SumTotal Systems Regarding Developments.


SumTotal Systems shall have the exclusive right to all Developments, without additional or further consideration to Contractor, including but not limited to the right to own, make, use, sell, have made, rent, lease or lend, copy, prepare derivative works of, perform or display publicly all Developments.


6. Confidentiality.


The parties recognize that, in performing services pursuant to this Agreement, Contractor possibly may obtain Confidential Information about SumTotal Systems, or confidential information about other publicly traded companies. Similarly, during the term of this Agreement, Contractor possibly may have or obtain confidential, proprietary or trade secret information that belongs to third parties (including third parties who have retained or employed Contractor or the Worker(s)). Contractor therefore agrees to the following:


(a) SumTotal Systems’ Confidential Information . Contractor and the Worker(s) shall maintain all Confidential Information in the strictest confidence, and shall take all necessary precautions needed to preserve the confidentiality of Confidential Information. Except as



required in Contractor’s duties to SumTotal Systems, Contractor and the Worker(s) shall never directly or indirectly use, disseminate, lecture upon, publish articles concerning, make known, or otherwise disclose or make available to any person, firm, corporation or other entity not confidentially bound to SumTotal Systems, any Confidential Information without written permission from SumTotal Systems. If Contractor or any of the Worker(s) is served with any subpoena or other compulsory judicial or administrative process calling for production of Confidential Information, Contractor will immediately notify SumTotal Systems in order that SumTotal Systems may take such action as it deems necessary to protect its interest.


(b) Insider Trading . Contractor understands that confidential information about SumTotal Systems or other publicly traded companies may be considered material nonpublic information under the securities laws. Contractor agrees that it will not enter into any transactions involving the securities of SumTotal Systems or of other publicly traded companies in violation of the securities laws.


(c) Confidential Information Belonging to Others . Contractor and the Worker(s) shall not improperly obtain, attempt to obtain, use, disseminate, disclose or transfer to SumTotal Systems any confidential, proprietary or trade secret information that belongs to any third party. This paragraph does not preclude Contractor or the Worker(s)from using their general knowledge and experience in performing services pursuant to this Agreement, regardless of whether that general knowledge and experience was gained while retained or employed by any third party.


7. Equitable Relief.


Contractor acknowledges that any breach of this Agreement may cause irreparable harm to SumTotal Systems for which remedies at law will not adequately compensate SumTotal Systems. Therefore, in the event of such breach or impending breach, SumTotal Systems may obtain injunctive or other equitable relief in addition to any damages or other legal remedies that SumTotal Systems may have available.


8. Independent Contractor.


Contractor is an independent contractor and neither Contractor nor the Worker(s) are employees of SumTotal Systems. Nothing herein shall create any partnership, joint venture or similar relationship between Contractor and SumTotal Systems, and neither Contractor nor SumTotal Systems can be bound by the other to any contract, arrangement or understanding with

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