This Agreement and Plan of Merger involves
Title: AGREEMENT OF MERGER AND PLAN OF REORGANIZATION
Governing Law: Delaware Date: 8/17/2016
Industry: Software and Programming Sector: Technology
AGREEMENT OF MERGER AND
PLAN OF REORGANIZATION
BY AND AMONG
ACTIVE WITH ME, INC.
RASNA ACQUISITION CORP.
RASNA THERAPEUTICS, INC.
Dated as of August 15, 2016
AGREEMENT OF MERGER AND PLAN OF REORGANIZATION
THIS AGREEMENT OF MERGER AND PLAN OF REORGANIZATION (this “ Agreement ”) is made and entered into on August 15, 2016 by and among Active With Me, Inc., a Nevada corporation (“ Parent ”), Rasna Acquisition Corp., a Delaware corporation (“ Acquisition Corp. ”), which is a wholly-owned subsidiary of Parent, and Rasna Therapeutics, Inc., a Delaware corporation (the “ Company ”).
W I T N E S S E T H :
WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of each of Acquisition Corp., Parent and the Company have each determined that it is fair to and in the best interests of their respective corporations and stockholders for Acquisition Corp. to be merged with and into the Company (the “ Merger ”) upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein;
WHEREAS, the Board of Directors of each of Parent, Acquisition Corp. and the Company have approved the Merger in accordance with the General Corporation Law of the State of Delaware (the “ DGCL ”) and upon the terms and subject to the conditions set forth herein and in the Delaware Certificate of Merger, attached hereto as Exhibit A ;
WHEREAS, the requisite stockholders of the Company and Parent have each approved this Agreement, the Certificate of Merger and the transactions contemplated and described hereby and thereby, including, without limitation, the Merger, and Parent, as the sole stockholder of Acquisition Corp., has approved by written consent pursuant to Section 228(a) of the DGCL, this Agreement, the Certificate of Merger and the transactions contemplated and described hereby and thereby, including, without limitation, the Merger; and
WHEREAS, the parties hereto intend that the Merger contemplated herein shall qualify as a reorganization within the meaning of Section 368(a)(1)(A) of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended (the “ Code ”), by reason of Section 368(a)(2)(E) of the Code.
NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual agreements and covenants hereinafter set forth, the parties hereto agree as follows:
Section 1.01 Merger . Subject to the terms and conditions of this Agreement and the Certificate of Merger, Acquisition Corp. shall be merged with and into the Company in accordance with Section 251 of the DGCL. At the Effective Time (as defined below), the separate legal existence of Acquisition Corp. shall cease, and the Company shall be the surviving corporation in the Merger (sometimes hereinafter referred to as the “ Surviving Corporation ”) and shall continue its corporate existence under the laws of the State of Delaware under the name “Rasna Therapeutics, Inc.”
Section 1.02 Effective Time . The Merger shall become effective upon the filing of the Certificate of Merger with the Secretary of State of the State of Delaware in accordance with
Section 251 of the DGCL. The time at which the Merger shall become effective as aforesaid is referred to hereinafter as the “ Effective Time .”
Section 1.03 Closing . The closing of the Merger (the “ Closing ”) shall occur concurrently with the Effective Time (the “ Closing Date ”). The Closing shall occur at the offices of Sichenzia Ross Friedman Ference LLP or such other time and place as the parties determine. At the Closing, all of the documents, certificates, agreements, opinions and instruments referenced in Articles I and VII will be executed and delivered as described therein. At the Effective Time, all actions to be taken at the Closing shall be deemed to be taken simultaneously.
Section 1.04 Certificate of Incorporation, By-Laws,
(a) The Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time, attached as Exhibit B hereto, as amended by the Certificate of Merger, shall be the Certificate of Incorporation of the Surviving Corporation from and after the Effective Time until amended in accordance with applicable law and such Certificate of Incorporation.
(b) The By-Laws of the Company, as in effect immediately prior to the Effective Time, attached as Exhibit C hereto, shall be the By-Laws of the Surviving Corporation from and after the Effective Time until amended in accordance with applicable law, the Certificate of Incorporation of the Surviving Corporation and such By-Laws.
Section 1.05 Assets and Liabilities . At the Effective Time, the Surviving Corporation shall possess all the rights, privileges, powers and franchises of a public as well as of a private nature, and be subject to all the restrictions, disabilities and duties of each of Acquisition Corp. and the Company (collectively, the “ Constituent Corporations ”); and all the rights, privileges, powers and franchises of each of the Constituent Corporations, and all property, real, personal and mixed, and all debts due to any of the Constituent Corporations on whatever account, as well as all other things in action or belonging to each of the Constituent Corporations, shall be vested in the Surviving Corporation; and all property, rights, privileges, powers and franchises, and all and every other interest shall be thereafter as effectively the property of the Surviving Corporation as they were of the several and respective Constituent Corporations, and the title to any real estate vested by deed or otherwise in either of such Constituent Corporations shall not revert or be in any way impaired by the Merger; but all rights of creditors and all liens upon any property of any of the Constituent Corporations shall be preserved unimpaired, and all debts, liabilities and duties of the Constituent Corporations shall thenceforth attach to the Surviving Corporation, and may be enforced against it to the same extent as if said debts, liabilities and duties had been incurred or contracted by it.
Section 1.06 Manner and Basis of Converting Shares .
(a) At the Effective Time:
(i) each share of common stock, par value $0.0001 per share of Acquisition Corp. that shall be outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time shall, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of the holder thereof, be converted into the right to receive one (1) share of common stock, $0.0001 par value, of the Surviving
Corporation, so that at the Effective Time, Parent shall be the holder of all of the issued and outstanding shares of the Surviving Corporation;
(ii) each share of common stock, $0.0001 par value, of the Company (the “ Company Common Stock ”) beneficially owned by the stockholders (the “ Stockholders”) listed on Schedule 1.06(a)(ii) (other than (A) shares of Company Common Stock as to which appraisal rights are perfected pursuant to the applicable provisions of the DGCL and not withdrawn or otherwise forfeited), shall, by virtue of the Merger and without any action on the part of the holders thereof, be converted into the right to receive .33 shares of common stock, par value $0.001 per share, of Parent (the “ Parent Common Stock ”), with fractional shares of Parent Common Stock rounded up or down to the nearest whole share (the “ Merger Consideration ”); and
(iii) each share of Company Common Stock held in the treasury of the Company immediately prior to the Effective Time shall be cancelled in the Merger and cease to exist.
(b) After the Effective Time, there shall be no further registration of transfers on the stock transfer books of the Surviving Corporation of the shares of Company Common Stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time.
(c) At the Effective Time, the outstanding options to purchase Company Common Stock outstanding and set forth on Schedule 1.06(c) (the “ Company Options ”) shall be assumed by the Parent and the holder thereof shall thereafter have the right to receive options to purchase Parent Common Stock pursuant to the Parent’s 2016 Equity Incentive Plan, in such amounts and with such conditions and restrictions as set forth on Schedule 1.06(c) hereto (the “ Parent Options ”).
(d) At the Effective Time, the outstanding warrants to purchase Company Common Stock outstanding and set forth on Schedule 1.06(d) (the “Company Warrants”) shall be assumed by the Parent and the holder thereof shall thereafter have the right to receive warrants to purchase Parent Common Stock, in such amounts as set forth on Schedule 1.06(d) hereto and in the form substantially set forth as Exhibit D , attached hereto (the “ Parent Warrants ”)
Section 1.07 Surrender and Exchange of Certificates .
Promptly after the Effective Time and upon (a) surrender of a certificate or certificates representing shares of Company Common Stock that were outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time or an affidavit and indemnification in form reasonably acceptable to counsel for Parent stating that such Stockholder has lost its certificate or certificates or that such have been destroyed or upon receipt by the Parent of a list of Stockholders for whom shares of Company Common Stock held were un-certificated and (b) delivery of a Letter of Transmittal (as described in Article IV hereof), Parent shall issue to each record holder of Company Common Stock surrendering such certificate, certificates or affidavit, Letter of Transmittal, a certificate or certificates registered in the name of such Stockholder representing the number of shares of Parent Common Stock that such Stockholder shall be entitled to receive as set forth in Sections 1.06(a)(ii) hereof. Until the certificate, certificates, affidavit or certified list of
Stockholders is or are surrendered together with the Letter of Transmittal as contemplated by this Section 1.07 and Article IV hereof, each certificate or affidavit that immediately prior to the Effective Time represented any outstanding shares of Company Common Stock shall be deemed at and after the Effective Time to represent only the right to receive upon surrender as aforesaid the Parent Common Stock specified in Schedule 1.06(a)(ii) for the holder thereof or to perfect any rights of appraisal that such holder may have pursuant to the applicable provisions of the DGCL. Additionally, promptly after the Effective Time and upon surrender of certificates evidencing the Company Warrants and the Company Options outstanding immediately prior to the Effective Time, the Parent shall deliver to the applicable holders of Company Warrants and/or Company Options, the Parent Warrants and the Parent Options, respectively.
Section 1.08 Parent Stock . Parent agrees that it will cause the Parent Common Stock into which the Company Common Stock is converted at the Effective Time pursuant to Section 1.06(a)(ii) to be available for such purposes. Parent further covenants that immediately following the Effective Time, Parent will effect cancellations of certain of its outstanding shares of Parent Common Stock and that there will be no more than 3,305,000 pre-Merger shares of Parent Common Stock issued and outstanding, and that no other pre-Merger common or preferred stock or equity securities or any options, warrants, rights or other agreements or instruments convertible, exchangeable or exercisable into common or preferred stock or other equity securities shall be issued or outstanding, except as described herein.
Section 1.09 Operation of Surviving Corporation . The Company acknowledges that upon the effectiveness of the Merger, and the material compliance by Parent and Acquisition Corp. with their respective duties and obligations hereunder, Parent shall have the absolute and unqualified right to deal with the assets and business of the Surviving Corporation as its own property without limitation on the disposition or use of such assets or the conduct of such business.
Section 1.10 Further Assurances . From time to time, from and after the Effective Time, as and when reasonably requested by Parent, the proper officers and directors of the Company as of the Effective Time shall, for and on behalf and in the name of the Company or otherwise, execute and deliver all such deeds, bills of sale, assignments and other instruments and shall take or cause to be taken such further actions as Parent, Acquisition Corp. or their respective successors or assigns reasonably may deem necessary or desirable in order to confirm or record or otherwise transfer to the Surviving Corporation title to and possession of all of the properties, rights, privileges, powers, franchises and immunities of the Company or otherwise to carry out fully the provisions and purposes of this Agreement and the Certificate of Merger.
REPRESENTATIONS AND WARRANTIES OF THE COMPANY
The Company hereby represents and warrants to Parent and Acquisition Corp. as follows. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained herein, disclosure of items in the draft Current Report on Form 8-K of Parent with respect to the Merger, and all exhibits thereto, a copy of which is attached hereto as Exhibit E (collectively, the “ Disclosures ”) shall be deemed to be disclosure of such items for all purposes under this Agreement, including, without limitation, for all applicable representations and warranties of the Company:
Section 2.01 Organization, Standing, Subsidiaries, Etc .
(a) The Company is a corporation duly organized and existing in good standing under the laws of the State of Delaware and has all requisite power and authority (corporate and other) to carry on its business, to own or lease its properties and assets, to enter into this Agreement, the Certificate of Merger and to carry out the terms hereof and thereof. Copies of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation and By-Laws of the Company that have been delivered to Parent and Acquisition Corp. prior to the execution of this Agreement are true and complete and have not since been amended or repealed.
(b) Except for Falconridge Holdings Limited, the Company has no subsidiaries or direct or indirect interest (by way of stock ownership or otherwise) in any firm, corporation, limited liability company, partnership, association or business.
Section 2.02 Qualification . The Company is duly qualified to conduct business as a foreign corporation and is in good standing in each jurisdiction wherein the nature of its activities or its properties owned or leased makes such qualification necessary, except where the failure to be so qualified would not have a material adverse effect on the condition (financial or otherwise), properties, assets, liabilities, business operations, results of operations or prospects of the Company taken as a whole (the “ Condition of the Company ”).
Section 2.03 Capitalization of the Company . The authorized capital stock of the Company consists of One Hundred and Twenty Million (120,000,000) shares of Company Common Stock, of which 54,837,790 shares are outstanding and Twenty Million (20,000,000) shares of preferred stock, par value 0.0001 per share, none of which are issued and outstanding, and such shares of Company Common Stock are duly authorized, validly issued, fully paid and non-assessable, and none of such shares have been issued in violation of the preemptive rights of any natural person, corporation, business trust, association, limited liability company, partnership, joint venture, other entity, government, agency or political subdivision (each, a “ Person ”). The offer, issuance and sale of such shares of Company Common Stock were (a) exempt from the registration and prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “ Securities Act ”), (b) registered or qualified (or were exempt from registration or qualification) under the registration or qualification requirements of all applicable state securities laws and (c) accomplished in conformity with all other applicable securities laws. None of such shares of Company Common Stock are subject to a right of withdrawal or a right of rescission under any federal or state securities or “Blue Sky” law. Except as otherwise set forth on Schedule 2.03 attached hereto, the Company has no outstanding options, rights or commitments to issue Company Common Stock or other Equity Securities (as defined below) of the Company, and there are no outstanding securities convertible or exercisable into or exchangeable for Company Common Stock or other Equity Securities of the Company. For purposes of this Agreement, “ Equity Security ” shall mean any stock or similar security of an issuer or any security (whether stock or Indebtedness for Borrowed Money (as defined below)) convertible, with or without consideration, into any stock or other equity security, or any security (whether stock or Indebtedness for Borrowed Money) carrying any warrant or right to subscribe to or purchase any stock or similar security, or any such warrant or right.
Section 2.04 Indebtedness . Except as provided in the Company’s Financial Statements (as defined below), the Company has no Indebtedness for Borrowed Money. For purposes of this Agreement, “ Indebtedness for Borrowed Money ” shall mean (a) all Indebtedness in respect of money borrowed including, without limitation, Indebtedness that represents the unpaid amount of the purchase price of any property and is incurred in lieu of borrowing money or using available funds to pay such amounts and not constituting an account payable or expense accrual incurred or assumed in the ordinary course of business of the Company, (b) all Indebtedness evidenced by a promissory note, bond or similar written obligation to pay money or (c) all such Indebtedness guaranteed by the Company or for which the Company is otherwise contingently liable. Furthermore, for purposes of this Agreement, “ Indebtedness ” shall mean any obligation of the Company which, under generally accepted accounting principles in the United Stated (“ GAAP ”), is required to be shown on the balance sheet of the Company as a liability. Any obligation secured by a mortgage, pledge, security interest, encumbrance, lien or charge of any kind (a “ Lien ”), shall be deemed to be Indebtedness, even though such obligation is not assumed by the Company.
Section 2.05 Company Stockholders . Schedule 2.05 hereto contains a true and complete list of the names of the record owners of all of the outstanding shares of Company Common Stock and other Equity Securities of the Company, together with the number of securities held or to which such Person has rights to acquire. To the knowledge of the Company, there is no voting trust, agreement or arrangement among any of the beneficial holders of Company Common Stock affecting the nomination or election of directors or the exercise of the voting rights of Company Common Stock.
Section 2.06 Corporate Acts and Proceedings . The execution, delivery and performance of this Agreement and the Certificate of Merger (together, the “ Merger Documents ”) have been duly authorized by the Board of Directors of the Company and have been approved by the requisite vote of the Stockholders, and all of the corporate acts and other proceedings required for the due and valid authorization, execution, delivery and performance of the Merger Documents and the consummation of the Merger have been validly and appropriately taken, except for the filings referred to in Section 1.02.
Section 2.07 Governmental Consents . All material consents, approvals, orders, or authorizations of, or registrations, qualifications, designations, declarations, or filings with any federal or state governmental authority on the part of the Company required in connection with the consummation of the Merger shall have been obtained prior to, and be effective as of, the Closing.
Section 2.08 Compliance with Laws and Instruments . The business, products and operations of the Company have been and are being conducted in compliance in all material respects with all applicable laws, rules and regulations, except for such violations thereof for which the penalties, in the aggregate, would not have a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company. The execution, delivery and performance by the Company of the Merger Documents and the consummation by the Company of the transactions contemplated by this Agreement: (a) will not cause the Company to violate or contravene (i) any provision of law, (ii) any rule or regulation of any agency or government, (iii) any order, judgment or decree of any court, or (iv) any provision of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation or By-
Laws of the Company, (b) will not violate or be in conflict with, result in a breach of or constitute (with or without notice or lapse of time, or both) a default under, any indenture, loan or credit agreement, deed of trust, mortgage, security agreement or other contract, agreement or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which the Company or any of its properties is bound or affected, except as would not have a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company and (c) will not result in the creation or imposition of any Lien upon any property or asset of the Company. The Company is not in violation of, or (with or without notice or lapse of time, or both) in default under, any term or provision of its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation or By-Laws or of any indenture, loan or credit agreement, deed of trust, mortgage, security agreement or, except as would not materially and adversely affect the Condition of the Company, any other material agreement or instrument to which the Company is a party or by which the Company or any of its properties is bound or affected.
Section 2.09 Binding Obligations . The Merger Documents constitute the legal, valid and binding obligations of the Company and are enforceable against the Company in accordance with their respective terms, except as such enforcement is limited by bankruptcy, insolvency and other similar laws affecting the enforcement of creditors’ rights generally and by general principles of equity.
Section 2.10 Broker’s and Finder’s Fees . No Person has, or as a result of the transactions contemplated or described herein will have, any right or valid claim against the Company, Parent, Acquisition Corp. or any Stockholder for any commission, fee or other compensation as a finder or broker, or in any similar capacity.
Section 2.11 Financial Statements . Parent has previously been provided with the Company’s (i) audited balance sheets (the “ Balance Sheet ”) as of March 31, 2016 and 2015 (the “ Company Balance Sheet Date ”) and (ii) audited statements of operations and accumulated deficits and cash flows for the fiscal years ended March 31, 2016 and 2015. Such financial statements are collectively referred to as the “ Financial Statements ”. The Financial Statements (a) are in accordance with the books and records of the Company, (b) present fairly in all material respects the financial condition of the Company at the dates therein specified and the results of its operations and changes in financial position for the periods therein specified and (c) have been prepared in accordance with GAAP applied on a basis consistent with prior accounting periods.
Section 2.12 Absence of Undisclosed Liabilities . The Company has no material obligation or liability (whether accrued, absolute, contingent, liquidated or otherwise, whether due or to become due), arising out of any transaction entered into at or prior to the Closing, except (a) as disclosed in the Balance Sheet, (b) to the extent set forth on or reserved against in the Balance Sheet or the notes to the Financial Statements, (c) current liabilities incurred and obligations under agreements entered into in the usual and ordinary course of business since the Company Balance Sheet Date, none of which (individually or in the aggregate) has had or will have a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company and (d) by the specific terms of any written agreement, document or arrangement identified in the Disclosures.
Section 2.13 Changes . Since the Company Balance Sheet Date and except as set forth on Schedule 2.13 , the Company has not (a) incurred any debts, obligations or liabilities, absolute,
accrued, contingent or otherwise, whether due or to become due, except for fees, expenses and liabilities incurred in connection with the Merger and related transactions and current liabilities incurred in the usual and ordinary course of business, (b) discharged or satisfied any Liens other than those securing, or paid any obligation or liability other than, current liabilities shown on the Balance Sheet and current liabilities incurred since the Company Balance Sheet Date, in each case in the usual and ordinary course of business, (c) mortgaged, pledged or subjected to Lien any of its assets, tangible or intangible other than in the usual and ordinary course of business, (d) sold, transferred or leased any of its assets, except in the usual and ordinary course of business, (e) cancelled or compromised any debt or claim, or waived or released any right, of material value, (f) suffered any physical damage, destruction or loss (whether or not covered by insurance) materially and adversely affecting the Condition of the Company, (g) entered into any transaction other than in the usual and ordinary course of business, (h) encountered any labor union difficulties, (i) made or granted any wage or salary increase or made any increase in the amounts payable under any profit sharing, bonus, deferred compensation, severance pay, insurance, pension, retirement or other employee benefit plan, agreement or arrangement, other than in the ordinary course of business consistent with past practice, or entered into any employment agreement, (j) issued or sold any shares of capital stock, bonds, notes, debentures or other securities or granted any options (including employee stock options), warrants or other rights with respect thereto, (k) declared or paid any dividends on or made any other distributions with respect to, or purchased or redeemed, any of its outstanding capital stock, (l) suffered or experienced any change in, or condition affecting, the Condition of the Company other than changes, events or conditions in the usual and ordinary course of its business, none of which (either by itself or in conjunction with all such other changes, events and conditions) has been materially adverse, (m) made any change in the accounting principles, methods or practices followed by it or depreciation or amortization policies or rates theretofore adopted, (n) made or permitted any amendment or termination of any material contract, agreement or license to which it is a party, (o) suffered any material loss not reflected in the Balance Sheet or its statement of income for the period ended on the Company Balance Sheet Date, (p) paid, or made any accrual or arrangement for payment of, bonuses or special compensation of any kind or any severance or termination pay to any present or former officer, director, employee, stockholder or consultant, (q) made or agreed to make any charitable contributions or incurred any non-business expenses in excess of $50,000 in the aggregate or (r) entered into any agreement, or otherwise obligated itself, to do any of the foregoing.
Section 2.14 Assets and Contracts .
(a) Schedule 2.14(a) contains a true and complete list of all real property leased by the Company and of all tangible personal property owned or leased by the Company having a cost or fair market value of greater than $150,000. All the real property listed in Schedule 2.14(a) is leased by the Company under valid leases enforceable in accordance with their terms, and there is not, under any such lease, any existing default or event of default or event which with notice or lapse of time, or both, would constitute a default by the Company, and the Company has not received any notice or claim of any such default by the Company. The Company does not own any real property.
(b) Except as expressly set forth in this Agreement, the Financial Statements or the notes thereto, or as disclosed in Schedule 2.14(b) hereto, the Company is not a party to any
written or oral agreement not made in the ordinary course of business that is material to the Company. Except as disclosed in Schedule 2.14(b) hereto, the Company is not a party to any written or oral (i) agreement for the purchase of fixed assets or for the purchase of materials, supplies or equipment in excess of normal operating requirements, (ii) agreement for the employment of any officer, individual employee or other Person on a full-time basis or any agreement with any Person for consulting services, (iii) indenture, loan or credit agreement, note agreement, deed of trust, mortgage, security agreement, promissory note or other agreement or instrument relating to or evidencing Indebtedness for Borrowed Money or subjecting any asset or property of the Company to any Lien or evidencing any Indebtedness, (iv) guaranty of any Indebtedness, (v) other than as set forth in Schedule 2.14(a) hereto, lease or agreement under which the Company is lessee of or holds or operates any property, real or personal, owned by any other Person under which payments to such Person exceed $150,000 per year, (vi) agreement granting any preemptive right, right of first refusal or similar right to any Person, (vii) agreement or arrangement with any Affiliate or any “associate” (as such term is defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) of the Company or any present or former officer, director or stockholder of the Company, (viii) agreement obligating the Company to pay any royalty or similar charge for the use or exploitation of any tangible or intangible property, (ix) covenant not to compete or other material restriction on its ability to conduct a business or engage in any other activity, (x) agreement to register securities under the Securities Act or (xi) collective bargaining agreement. None of the agreements, contracts, leases, instruments or other documents or arrangements listed in Schedules 2.14(a) and 2.14(b) requires the consent of any of the parties thereto other than the Company to permit the contract, agreement, lease, instrument or other document or arrangement to remain effective following consummation of the Merger and the transactions contemplated hereby. For purposes of this Agreement, an “ Affiliate ” shall mean any Person that directly or indirectly controls, is controlled by, or is under common control with, the indicated Person.
(c) The Company has made available to Parent and Acquisition Corp. true and complete copies of all material agreements and other documents, as well as any additional agreements or documents, requested by Parent or Acquisition Corp. The Company has in all material respects performed all obligations required to be performed by it to date and is not in default in any material respect under any of the contracts, agreements, leases, documents, commitments or other arrangements to which it is a party or by which it or any of its property is otherwise bound or affected.
Section 2.15 Personnel . The Company has complied in all material respects with all laws relating to the employment of labor, and the Company has encountered no material labor union difficulties. Other than pursuant to ordinary arrangements of compensation to personnel, the Company is not under any obligation or liability to any officer, director, consultant or staff member of the Company.
Section 2.16 Tax Returns and Audits .
(a) All required federal, state and local Tax Returns (as defined below) of the Company have been accurately prepared and duly and timely filed, and all federal, state and local Taxes (as defined below) required to be paid with respect to the periods covered by such returns have been paid. The Company is not and has not been delinquent in the payment of any Tax. The Company has not had a Tax deficiency proposed or assessed against it and has not
executed a waiver of any statute of limitations on the assessment or collection of any Tax. None of the Company’s federal income tax returns has been audited by any governmental authority; and none of the Company’s state or local income or franchise tax returns has been audited by any governmental authority. The reserves for Taxes reflected on the Balance Sheet, if any, are and will be sufficient for the payment of all unpaid Taxes payable by the Company as of the Company Balance Sheet Date. Since the Company Balance Sheet Date, the Company has made adequate provisions on its books of account for all Taxes with respect to its business, properties and operations for such period. The Company has withheld or collected from each payment made to each of its employees the amount of all taxes (including, but not limited to, federal, state and local income taxes, Federal Insurance Contribution Act taxes and Federal Unemployment Tax Act taxes) required to be withheld or collected therefrom, and has paid the same to the proper Tax receiving officers or authorized depositaries. There are no federal, state, local or foreign audits, actions, suits, proceedings, investigations, claims or administrative proceedings relating to Taxes or any Tax Returns of the Company now pending, and the Company has not received any notice of any proposed audits, investigations, claims or administrative proceedings relating to Taxes or any Tax Returns. The Company is not obligated to make a payment, nor is it a party to any agreement that under certain circumstances could obligate it to make a payment that would not be deductible under Section 280G of the Code. The Company has not agreed, nor is it required, to make any adjustments under Section 481(a) of the Code (or any similar provision of state, local and foreign law), whether by reason of a change in accounting method or otherwise, for any Tax period for which the applicable statute of limitations has not yet expired. The Company (i) is not a party to, nor is it bound by or obligated under, any Tax sharing agreement, Tax indemnification agreement or similar contract or arrangement, whether written or unwritten (collectively, “ Tax Sharing Agreements ”), and (ii) does not have any potential liability or obligation to any Person as a result of, or pursuant to, any such Tax Sharing Agreements.
(b) For purposes of this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings provided below:
(i) “ Tax ” or “ Taxes ” shall mean (A) any and all taxes, assessments, customs, duties, levies, fees, tariffs, imposts, deficiencies and other governmental charges of any kind whatsoever (including, but not limited to, taxes on or with respect to net or gross income, franchise, profits, gross receipts, capital, sales, use, ad valorem, value added, transfer, real property transfer, transfer gains, transfer taxes, inventory, capital stock, license, payroll, employment, social security, unemployment, severance, occupation, real or personal property, estimated taxes, rent, excise, occupancy, recordation, bulk transfer, intangibles, alternative minimum, doing business, withholding and stamp), together with any interest thereon, penalties, fines, damages costs, fees, additions to tax or additional amounts with respect thereto, imposed by the United States (federal, state or local) or other applicable jurisdiction; (B) any liability for the payment of any amounts described in clause (A) as a result of being a member of an affiliated, consolidated, combined, unitary or similar group or as a result of transferor or successor liability, including, without limitation, by reason of Regulation section 1.1502-6; and (C) any liability for the payments of any amounts as a result of being a party to any Tax Sharing Agreement or as a result of any express or implied obligation to indemnify any other Person with respect to the payment of any amounts of the type described in clause (A) or (B).
(ii) “ Tax Return ” shall include all returns and reports (including elections, declarations, disclosures, schedules, estimates and information returns (including Form 1099 and partnership returns filed on Form 1065) required to be supplied to a Tax authority relating to Taxes.
Section 2.17 Patents and Other Intangible Assets .
(a) The Company (i) owns or has the right to use, free and clear of all Liens, claims and restrictions, all patents, trademarks, service marks, trade names, copyrights, licenses and rights with respect to the foregoing used in or necessary for the conduct of its business as now conducted or proposed to be conducted without infringing upon or otherwise acting adversely to the right or claimed right of any Person under or with respect to any of the foregoing and (ii) is not obligated or under any liability to make any payments by way of royalties, fees or otherwise to any owner or licensor of, or other claimant to, any patent, trademark, service mark, trade name, copyright or other intangible asset, with respect to the use thereof or in connection with the conduct of its business or otherwise.
(b) To the knowledge of the Company, the Company owns and has the unrestricted right to use all trade secrets, if any, including know-how, negative know-how, formulas, patterns, programs, devices, methods, techniques, inventions, designs, processes, computer programs and technical data and all information that derives independent economic value, actual or potential, from not being generally known or known by competitors (collectively, “ Intellectual Property ”) required for or incident to the development, operation and sale of all products and services sold by the Company, free and clear of any right, Lien or claim of others; provided , however , that the possibility exists that other Persons, completely independently of the Company or its employees or agents, could have developed Intellectual Property similar or identical to that of the Company. The Company is not aware of any such development of substantially identical trade secrets or technical information by others. All Intellectual Property can and will be transferred by the Company to the Surviving Corporation as a result of the Merger and without the consent of any Person other than the Company.
Section 2.18 Employee Benefit Plans; ERISA .
(a) There are no “employee benefit plans” (within the meaning of Section 3(3) of ERISA) nor any other employee benefit or fringe benefit arrangements, practices, contracts, policies or programs of every type other than programs merely involving the regular payment of wages, commissions, or bonuses established, maintained or contributed to by the Company, whether written or unwritten and whether or not funded.
(b) All current and prior material documents, including all amendments thereto, with respect to each Employee Benefit Plan have been made available to Parent and Acquisition Corp. or their advisors.
(c) To the knowledge of the Company, all Employee Benefit Plans are in material compliance with the applicable requirements of ERISA, the Code and any other applicable state, federal or foreign law.
(d) There are no pending claims or lawsuits that have been asserted or instituted against any Employee Benefit Plan, the assets of any of the trusts or funds under the Employee Benefit Plans, the plan sponsor or the plan administrator of any of the Employee Benefit Plans or against any fiduciary of an Employee Benefit Plan with respect to the operation of such plan, nor does the Company have any knowledge of any incident, transaction, occurrence or circumstance that might reasonably be expected to form the basis of any such claim or lawsuit.
(e) There is no pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, contemplated investigation, or pending or possible enforcement action by the Pension Benefit Guaranty Corporation, the Department of Labor, the Internal Revenue Service or any other government agency with respect to any Employee Benefit Plan and the Company has no knowledge of any incident, transaction, occurrence or circumstance which might reasonably be expected to trigger such an investigation or enforcement action.
(f) No actual or, to the knowledge of the Company, contingent liability exists with respect to the funding of any Employee Benefit Plan or for any other expense or obligation of any Employee Benefit Plan, except as disclosed on the financial statements of the Company, and no contingent liability exists under ERISA with respect to any “multi-employer plan,” as defined in Section 3(37) or Section 4001(a)(3) of ERISA.
(g) No events have occurred or are expected to occur with respect to any Employee Benefit Plan that would cause a material change in the costs of providing benefits under such Employee Benefit Plan or would cause a material change in the cost of providing for other liabilities of such Employee Benefit Plan.
Section 2.19 Title to Property and Encumbrances . The Company has good, valid and indefeasible marketable title to all properties and assets used in the conduct of its business (except for property held under valid and subsisting leases that are in full force and effect and which are not in default) free of all Liens and other encumbrances, except Permitted Liens (as defined below) and such ordinary and customary imperfections of title, restrictions and encumbrances as do not, individually or in the aggregate, materially detract from the value of the property or assets or materially impair the use made thereof by the Company in its business. Without limiting the generality of the foregoing, the Company has good and indefeasible title to all of its properties and assets reflected in the Balance Sheet, except for property disposed of in the usual and ordinary course of business since the Company Balance Sheet Date and for property held under valid and subsisting leases that are in full force and effect and that are not in default. For purposes of this Agreement, “ Permitted Liens ” shall mean (a) Liens for taxes and assessments or governmental charges or levies not at the time due or in respect of which the validity thereof shall currently be contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings; (b) Liens in respect of pledges or deposits under workmen’s compensation laws or similar legislation, carriers’, warehousemen’s, mechanics’, laborers’ and materialmens’ and similar Liens, if the obligations secured by such Liens are not then delinquent or are being contested in good faith by appropriate proceedings and (c) Liens incidental to the conduct of the business of the Company that were not incurred in connection with the borrowing of money or the obtaining of advances or credits and that do not in the aggregate materially detract from the value of its property or materially impair the use made thereof by the Company in its business.
Section 2.20 Condition of Properties . All facilities, machinery, equipment, fixtures and other properties owned, leased or used by the Company are in reasonably good operating condition and repair, subject to ordinary wear and tear, and are adequate and sufficient for the Company’s business.
Section 2.21 Insurance Coverage . There is in full force and effect one or more policies of insurance issued by insurers of recognized responsibility, insuring the Company and its properties, products and business against such losses and risks, and in such amounts, as are customary for corporations of established reputation engaged in the same or similar business and similarly situated. The Company has not been refused any insurance coverage sought or applied for, and the Company has no reason to believe that it will be unable to renew its existing insurance coverage as and when the same shall expire upon terms at least as favorable to those currently in effect, other than possible increases in premiums that do not result from any act or omission of the Company. No suit, proceeding or action or, to the best current actual knowledge of the Company, threat of suit, proceeding or action has been asserted or made against the Company within the last five years due to alleged bodily injury, disease, medical condition, death or property damage arising out of the function or malfunction of a product, procedure or service designed, manufactured, sold or distributed by the Company.
Section 2.22 Litigation . There is no legal action, suit, arbitration or other legal, administrative or other governmental proceeding pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened against or affecting the Company or its properties, assets or business, and after reasonable investigation, the Company is not aware of any incident, transaction, occurrence or circumstance that might reasonably be expected to result in or form the basis for any such action, suit, arbitration or other proceeding. The Company is not in default with respect to any order, writ, judgment, injunction, decree, determination or award of any court or any governmental agency or instrumentality or arbitration authority.
Section 2.23 Licenses . The Company possesses from all appropriate governmental authorities all licenses, permits, authorizations, approvals, franchises and rights necessary for the Company to engage in the business currently conducted by it, all of which are in full force and effect.
Section 2.24 Interested Party Transactions . No officer, director or stockholder of the Company or any Affiliate or “associate” (as such term is defined in Rule 405 under the Securities Act) of any such Person or the Company has or has had, either directly or indirectly, (a) an interest in any Person that (i) furnishes or sells services or products that are furnished or sold or are proposed to be furnished or sold by the Company or (ii) purchases from or sells or furnishes to the Company any goods or services, or (b) a beneficial interest in any contract or agreement to which the Company is a party or by which it may be bound or affected.
Section 2.25 Environmental Matters .
(a) To the knowledge of the Company, the Company has never generated, used, handled, treated, released, stored or disposed of any Hazardous Materials (as defined below) on any real property on which it now has or previously had any leasehold or ownership interest, except in compliance with all applicable Environmental Laws (as defined below).
(b) To the knowledge of the Company, the historical and present operations of the business of the Company are in compliance with all applicable Environmental Laws, except where any non-compliance has not had and would not reasonably be expected to have a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company.
(c) There are no material pending or, to the knowledge of the Company, threatened, demands, claims, information requests or notices of noncompliance or violation against or to the Company relating to any Environmental Law; and, to the knowledge of the Company, there are no conditions or occurrences on any of the real property used by the Company in connection with its business that would reasonably be expected to lead to any such demands, claims or notices against or to the Company, except such as have not had, and would not reasonably be expected to have, a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company.
(d) To the knowledge of the Company, (i) the Company has not sent or disposed of, otherwise had taken or transported, arranged for the taking or disposal of (on behalf of itself, a customer or any other party) or in any other manner participated or been involved in the taking of or disposal or release of a Hazardous Material to or at a site that is contaminated by any Hazardous Material or that, pursuant to any Environmental Law, (A) has been placed on the “National Priorities List”, the “CERCLIS” list, or any similar state or federal list, or (B) is subject to or the source of a claim, an administrative order or other request to take “removal”, “remedial”, “corrective” or any other “response” action, as defined in any Environmental Law, or to pay for the costs of any such action at the site; (ii) the Company is not involved in (and has no basis to reasonably expect to be involved in) any suit or proceeding and has not received (and has no basis to reasonably expect to receive) any notice, request for information or other communication from any governmental authority or other third party with respect to a release or threatened release of any Hazardous Material or a violation or alleged violation of any Environmental Law, and has not received (and has no basis to reasonably expect to receive) notice of any claims from any Person relating to property damage, natural resource damage or to personal injuries from exposure to any Hazardous Material; and (iii) the Company has timely filed every report required to be filed, acquired all necessary certificates, approvals and permits, and generated and maintained all required data, documentation and records under all Environmental Laws, in all such instances except where the failure to do so would not reasonably be expected to have, individually or in the aggregate, a material adverse effect on the Condition of the Company.
(e) For purposes of this Agreement, the following terms shall have the meanings provided below:
(i) “ Environmental Laws ” shall mean the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 9601, et seq.; the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act of 1986, 42 U.S.C. §§ 11001, et seq.; the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 6901, et seq.; the Toxic Substances Control Act, 15 U.S.C. §§ 2601 et seq.; the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act, 7 U.S.C. §§ 136, et seq. and comparable state statutes dealing with the registration, labeling and use of pesticides and herbicides; the Clean Air Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 7401 et seq.; the Clean Water Act (Federal Water Pollution Control Act), 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq.; the Safe Drinking Water Act, 42 U.S.C. §§ 300f, et seq.; the Hazardous Materials Transportation Act, 49 U.S.C. §§ 1801,
et seq.; as any of the above statutes have been amended as of the date hereof, all rules, regulations and policies promulgated pursuant to any of the above statutes, and any other foreign, federal, state or local law, statute, ordinance, rule, regulation or policy governing environmental matters, as the same have been amended as of the date hereof.
(ii) “ Hazardous Material ” shall mean any substance or material meeting any one or more of the following criteria: (a) it is or contains a substance designated as or meeting the characteristics of a hazardous waste, hazardous substance, hazardous material, pollutant, contaminant or toxic substance under any Environmental Law; (b) its presence at some quantity requires investigation, notification or remediation under any Environmental Law; or (c) it contains, without limiting the foregoing, asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls, petroleum hydrocarbons, petroleum derived substances or waste, pesticides, herbicides, crude oil or any fraction thereof, nuclear fuel, natural gas or synthetic gas.
Section 2.26 Questionable Payments . Neither the Company nor any director, officer or, to the knowledge of the Company, agent, employee or other Person associated with or acting on behalf of the Company, has used any corporate funds for unlawful contributions, gifts, entertainment or other unlawful expenses relating to political activity; made any direct or indirect unlawful payments to government officials or employees from corporate funds; established or maintained any unlawful or unrecorded fund of corporate monies or other assets; made any false or fictitious entries on the books of record of any such corporations; or made any bribe, rebate, payoff, influence payment, kickback or other unlawful payment.
Section 2.27 Obligations to or by Stockholders .&n